Concepts.pptx - Concepts What are categories and what do...

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Concepts
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What are categories, and what do they do? A concept is a “package” of information, with multiple functions. Knowledge storage Knowledge organization Concept and category are terms that are often used interchangeably in psychology. Concept: information about a group of related things that is stored together in the mind Category: a collection of instances treated as if they are the same 2
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Theories of Categorization Categories can also be… categorized. Natural kind, artifact, people, event, goal-directed, ideas Natural kind and artifact categories have received the most attention. Theories include… Classical theory Prototype theories Exemplar theories Knowledge-based theories 3
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Classical Theory Classical theory has its origins with Plato and Aristotle, and has persisted into the present day. The classical theory proposes that concepts are definitions. Concepts are made up of defining features. The features are singly necessary and jointly sufficient . Example 4
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Classical Theory Benefits of Classical Theory Storing and using concepts this way would have some benefits. Concepts would be easy to store.
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  • Fall '19
  • Ontology, classical theory, Categorization

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