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Nora Lopez I. Understanding the Communication Process No matter how we create or send our messages, the basic communication process consists of the same elements. It starts with an idea that must be transmitted. A. The Communication Process 1. Sender has idea 2. Sender Encodes Message 3. Sender selects channel, transmits message 4. Receiver decodes message 5. Feedback returns to sender B. Sender has idea The communication process begins here. The form of the idea may be influenced by factors that include mood, frame of reference, background, culture and physical makeup, as well as the context of the situation etc. C. Sender Encodes Idea This step involves encoding, which means converting the idea into words or gestures that will convey meaning. D. Sender Selects Channel and Transmits Messages The medium over which the message travels is the channel. Messages ay be delivered by computer, wireless network, smartphone, social network, letter, memorandum, report announcement, picture, spoken word, fax, Web page, or some other channel. E. Receiver Decodes Message The individual for whom the message is intended is the receiver. Translating the message from its symbol form into meaning involves decoding. Only when the receiver understands the meaning intended by the sender-that is, successfully decodes the message-does communication take place. F. Feedback Returns to Sender The verbal and nonverbal responses of the receiver create feedback, a vital part of the communication process. G. Barriers That Create Misunderstanding 1. Bypassing Bypassing happens when people miss each other with their meanings. 2. Differing Frames of Reference Each person has their own frames of reference which cause individuals to disagree on perceptions. 3. Lack of Language Skills Everyone needs an adequate vocabulary and skills in oral and written expression. 4. Distractions Other communication barriers are emotional interference, physical distractions, and digital interruptions.
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Nora Lopez 5. Overcoming Communication Obstacles The entire process of communication is sensitive and susceptible to breakdown. II. Using the 3-x-3 Writing Process as a Guide A. Nearly all communication revolves around writing.
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  • Fall '19
  • Nora Lopez

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