Wk 3A Ethnography 1-30-17.ppt - Wk.3A The Anthropological Method Key Terms • Ethnography • Methodology • Participant observation • Fieldwork •

Wk 3A Ethnography 1-30-17.ppt - Wk.3A The Anthropological...

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Wk.3A: The Anthropological Method Key Terms: Ethnography Methodology Participant observation Fieldwork Ethnocentrism Cultural Relativism thick description
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From What to How. Last week: What is culture ? (the conceptual question) What is it about humans that anthropologists are trying to describe or interpret, explain, or defend? Culture: The acquired knowledge that people use to interpret experience and generate behavior This week: How do I learn about culture ?
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How to learn about Culture Explicit Culture Cultural knowledge that people can talk about. If people have words for cultural categories, anthropologists can use interviews or observations of people talking to uncover them. Sp & McC p. 3 Tacit Culture Cultural knowledge that people lack words for Because it is unspoken, tacit culture can be discovered through behavioral observation or indirect inquiry Ex of different speaking distances- intimate, personal, social and public
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Ethnography What is it? The process of discovering and describing a particular culture A form of research A form of writing Ethnographic research frequently entails long term residence with the group or community being studied Why? Scientific approach treats information as test of explanations of cultural phenomenon in terms of general principles. Our species is culturally diverse, and human groups vary greatly in how they talk and live, thus cult. Anthro. Keeps busy describing the variations and proposing explanations for them. Humanistic approach: strives to understand, engage with, and celebrate, defend, evaluate or protect another way of life rather than to explain it. Try to understand another group, not necessarily explain it.
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Ethnography Written description and interpretation of a culture and a set of cultural practices. What does it mean to “describe”? Who is doing the describing? Who is being described?
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The How is related to the What Social Scientific Approach Start with a hypothesis that explains diversity in human cultural behavior Set up tests to confirm or disprove the hypothesis
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