Introduction - Theory and Modernity (OL)

Introduction - Theory and Modernity (OL) - • Elaborated...

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Introduction Theory and Modernity
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The Development of Sociology Why did sociology develop when it did?   What made a focus on the social so  relevant then rather than earlier? Rationalization Increased social density and complexity Conceptions of interest rather than “nature” Progress
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Sociology’s Beginnings At its emergence, sociology was a  discipline concerned with 2 new realities Modernity Industrialization
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Modernity “The end of history…” The fundamental disruption of tradition
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Industrialization Urbanization Work
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Early Theorists Auguste Comte (1798 – 1857) Founder of sociology Social statics vs. Social dynamics  Harriet Martineau (1802 – 1876)
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Unformatted text preview: • Elaborated sociological methods • Advocate for gender and racial equality Herbert Spencer (1820 – 1903) • Organic analogy • Social Darwinism Classical Theorists Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) • Dialectical materialism • Theory of classes and critique of capitalism Émile Durkheim (1858 – 1916) • Solidarity and values • Social facts Max Weber (1864 – 1920) • Key sociological concepts • Verstehen and value-free sociology Theoretical Perspectives Structural-Functional (Functionalist) Theoretical Perspectives Conflict Theory Theoretical Perspectives Symbolic Interactionism...
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