Deviance and Crime - Deviance and Crime The Nature of...

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Deviance and Crime
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The Nature of Deviance Deviance  is behavior that a considerable  number of people in a society view as  reprehensible and intolerable. Deviance is relative and context- dependent Example:  Etoro of New Guinea Example:  Tattoos and body piercings Deviance is defined through power Definitions of deviance in a society change  over time
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Functional Aspects of Deviance Dysfunctions Interferes with operations of institutional life Can affect morale of non-deviants negatively Erodes societal trust Functions Promotion of conformity Censuring deviance clarifies boundaries Censuring deviance strengthens the censuring  group Classifying and observing deviance can warn  non-deviant majority
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Social Control and Deviance Social control  regulates behavior within a society Functionalists see it as indispensable Conflict theorists see it as a tool of powerful  groups Social Control Processes  Internalization of society’s normative expectations Within individual personalities Limitation of social experience Culture-boundedness Formal and informal sanctions Hostility, expulsion, imprisonment
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Theories of Deviance Why do people violate social rules? Why are some acts defined as deviant? Why is deviance inconsistent and relative? Five specific sociological theories: 1. Anomie 2. Cultural transmission 3. Conflict 4. Labeling 5. Control
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Anomie anomie  – a social condition in which 
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