Social Inequality_1

Social Inequality_1 - Social Inequality Class and Status...

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Social Inequality Class and Status
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Stratification vs. Inequality Sociologists will refer to both stratification  and inequality; often, some will use the terms  interchangeably, as the text does The literatures associated with the terms,  however, are quite distinct The stratification literature places much more  emphasis on the systemic character of the  distribution of resources The inequality literature gives greater significance  to human action as the foundation of disparity  and disadvantage, e.g., oppression,  discrimination, etc.
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Social Stratification Social Stratification  is the ranking or  grading of individuals and groups into  hierarchical layers.  It represents structured  inequality of access to rewards, privileges,  and resources. Open system of stratification Allows people to change their status with relative  ease Status typically  achieved Closed system of stratification Very difficult to change status Status typically  ascribed Example:  Hindu caste system
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Weber’s Dimensions of  Stratification Class  (economic standing) Wealth  vs.  income Status  (prestige) Social respect, admiration, recognition Presentation and avoidance rituals Conspicuous leisure and consumption Party  (power) Power  is the ability of individuals and groups to  realize their will in human affairs even if it involves the 
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course SOC 2004 taught by Professor Graves during the Spring '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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Social Inequality_1 - Social Inequality Class and Status...

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