Rutva MehtaPeriod 3Chap. 15 – Section 2 “Conflict in the Middle East”Content Vocabulary and People to Identify:●Pan-Arabism○an ideology which espouses the unification of the countries of North Africa and Western Asia from the Atlantic Ocean to the Arabian Sea, which is referred to as the Arab world.○a secular Arab nationalist ideology, founded by Michel Aflaq, but championed most successfully by former Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser. Frustrated Arab nationalist ambitions and socialist and fascist ideologies gave rise to several movements and political parties.●OPEC○The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries is an intergovernmental organisation of 14 nations, founded in 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members, and headquartered since 1965 in Vienna, Austria.●Intifada○the Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, beginning in 1987.●Gamal Abdel Nasser○second President of Egypt, serving from 1954 until his death in 1970. Nasser led the 1952 overthrow of the monarchy and introduced far-reaching land reforms the following year.●Anwar el-Sadat○the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981.●Menachem Begin○an Israeli politician, founder of Likud and the sixth Prime Minister of Israel. Before the creation of the state of Israel, he was the leader of the Zionist militant group Irgun, the Revisionist breakaway from the larger Jewish paramilitary organization Haganah.●Yasir Arafat○Mohammed Yasser Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husseini○A Palestinian political leader. He was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization from 1969 to 2004 and President of the Palestinian National Authority from 1994 to 2004.●Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi○the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shahanshah on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi●Ayatollah Khomeini○an Iranian politician and marja●Saddam Hussein○President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. A leading member of the revolutionary Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party,1.What impact did the creation of Israel have on the Middle East and Palestine?a.In the Middle East, as in Asia and Africa, a number of new nations emerged after World War II. b.Syria and Lebanon gained their independence just before the end of the war, and Jordan achieved complete self-rule soon afterward. c.These new states were predominantly Muslim, but one was not.