Lecture2 - Sustainable Development of Mineral and Energy...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Sustainable Development of Mineral and Energy Resources Lecture #2 Definitions and Status of Sustainable Development
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Sources n “Breaking New Ground: Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development” pages 18-30 n “Toward A Sustainable Energy Future” pages 13-74 n Johannesburg Summit Information: http://www.johannesburgsummit.org/
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Lecture Outline n Sustainable Development Process n History and Definitions n The Road to Sustainable Development n Current Status of the SD Process in the Resources Sector.
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Sustainable Development (SD) – What is it? n A range of ideas and principles about how humans should best interact with each other and the biosphere. n Various definitions exist, depending on the context, but generally SD involves integrating and meeting economic, social and environmental goals. n In this course, we will be looking at sustainable development from the perspective of “non- renewable’ resources (i.e., minerals and energy sector).
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Sustainable Development – Basic Premise n Sustainable Development is often defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. n SD also includes concepts and values such as equity, access to opportunities, distribution of costs and benefits by consumers and producers and the enormous global imbalances in political and economic power.
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The Three Dimensions of Sustainable Development The dimensions or pillars of SD include three major components: n Economic n Social n Environmental
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Three Dimensions of Sustainable Development - Economic u Maximize human well-being u Ensure efficient use of all resources u Identify and internalize environmental and social costs u Promote strong and durable economic growth u Provide financial stability
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Three Dimensions of Sustainable Development - Social u Ensure a fair distribution of the costs and benefits of development u Respect and reinforce the fundamental rights of human beings u Sustain improvements over time u Encourage functioning labor markets and high employment u Promote stability in social and cultural systems
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Three Dimensions of Sustainable Development - Environmental u Promote responsible stewardship of natural resources and the environment u Address the legacy problem and past damage remediation u Minimize waste and environmental damage u Stabilize biological and physical systems u Preserve access to a healthy environment
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The Political Path to Sustainable Development n 1972 Stockholm Conference n 1987 Brundtland Report (WCED) n 1992 Rio Conference (UNCED) n 2002 Johannesburg Conference (WSSD)
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1972 Stockholm Conference n The first occasion on which the political, social and economic problems of the global environment were discussed at an intergovernmental forum, with a view to actually taking corrective action.
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1972 Stockholm Conference n Four Major Results: u Confirmed a new emphasis on the human environment u Compromised the different perceptions of “the
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Lecture2 - Sustainable Development of Mineral and Energy...

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