sociology_fianl_exam_review

sociology_fianl_exam_review - Nismah Sarmast Sociology...

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Nismah Sarmast Sociology Final Exam Study Guide October 25 th  (Thursday) – Immigration  The United States is often referred to as a nation of immigrants.  Immigration, however, has always  been a controversial issue in America.  Furthermore, racialization has always played an important role  concerning immigration.  The following articles explore immigration and racialization in America's  past. Q. According to Takaki, how did the Irish use race to their advantage after they themselves were  deemed racially inferior?  According to Brodkin, what role does race serve for US capitalism?  R. Readings: Takaki – excerpts from Emigrants from Erin, Brodkin – Race Making (53-76) I. Immigration-Major points a. Fears of immigration are not new n the USA b. Role of Race and Racial Formation c. Immigrant experience—What was it like? d. Irish (19 th  century) immigration and Jewish (20 th  century) immigration II. Irish Immigration a. Potato famine-since Irish were dependent on the potato as their crop, when the cop was being  exported to Great Britain, along with cattle and grains, there was not enough food to feed the  native Irish b. Political issues in 1840’s-80’s caused mass exodus c. Worked the most unskilled, dangers, low wage occupations d. Because of the nature of their low economic status and employment they were given the non- white racial assignment e. Ethnic and racial competition with blacks i. needed to fight for jobs and “white” status, thus Irish were pro-slavery f. Irish helped set up anti-immigration act: Chinese exclusion act of 1882-1943 was a law to stop  the Chinese competition for jobs, thus making Irish ant-Chinese as well  g. Irish are racialized as ape-like, lazy, as bad workers III. Irish and Whiteness a. Since 1790 citizenship was open to “free white persons” – self government (democracy) was  exclusively for whites b. Question: did Irish qualify as citizens? c. Groups trying to achieve cultural/social status as whites: Chinese, blacks, Irish IV. Eastern and Southern European Immigration a. Primarily Italians and jews escaping persecution in the early 20 th  century b. 70% urban population was immigrants c. They were largely the working class and part of the labor movements d. During the 1920’s anti-immigrant sentiment was high, immigrants were cast as “other”
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e. Immigration seen as threat to American ideals f. Red Scare: fear that communists would try to overthrow democracy in America and use  terrorism i. Nominally about communism and attempts to link the labor movement to communism- successful because of its link to anti-foreign sentiment ii. “public enemies coming to America!” was propaganda during the scare
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