Review for Crim test 3 - CRIM TEST 3 From the textbook...

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CRIM TEST 3 From the textbook Criminal Justice an introduction 4 th edition by Freda Adler & Gerhard O. W. Mueller & William S. Laufer THE COURTS CHAPTER 10 Diversion-p276- removal of the defendant from the normal path of the criminal justice process to an alternative path (i.e. a treatment program) Bail-p278- security given to ensure the reappearance of a defendant, in order to obtain his/her release from imprisonment Bail bond agent- private business operators, paid by the defendant, who post the amount required by the court to secure the release of the defendant Release on recognizance (ROR)-p279- release of a defendant on his/her promise to return to court as required Preventive detention-p281- pretrial incarceration of an accused deemed dangerous Information-p282- accusation against a criminal defendant prepared by a prosecuting attorney Indictment- accusation against a criminal defendant rendered by a grand jury on the basis of evidence constituting a prima facie case Plea- response to a criminal charge. Traditional pleas are guilty, not guilty, nolo contendere, and not guilty by reason of insanity Arraignment- first stage of the trial process, at which the indictment or information is read in open court and the defendant, is requested to respond thereto Nolo Contendere-p283- defendant pleads no contest (admits criminal liability for purposes of this proceeding only) Plea bargaining-p284- agreement made BT defense and prosecution for certain leniencies in return for a guilty plea Trial jury-p286- body of persons legally selected and sworn to inquire into any matter of fact and to give their verdict according to the evidence
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Voir Dire- process in which lawyers and a judge question potential jurors to select those who are acceptable Peremptory challenges-p287- challenges (limited in #) by which a potential juror may be
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