Running head: CRAZY HORSE – THE WAR LEADER 1 Crazy Horse – The War Leader Kate Phillips GT-HI1 – U.S. History I Colorado State University – Global Campus Bruce Ingram January 9, 2018
CRAZY HORSE – THE WAR LEADER 2 Crazy Horse – The War Leader Crazy Horse, the military leader of the Oglala Lakota nation, worked most of his life to preserve his tribe’s traditional way of life against the white invasion into his homeland. Though he was ultimately unsuccessful, he became a symbol of native pride and resistance to being forced off one’s own land and made to resettle elsewhere. According to McGill (2017), “Crazy Horse is one of the most famous Indians of US history” (p. 1). He was such as inspiration that there is currently a monument being erected in memory of him. The legendary person who would come to be called Crazy Horse, the Strange Man of the Oglalas, was born around 1842 near Bear Butte on the Belle Fourche River in South Dakota. The boy’s father, the original Crazy Horse, was a medicine man of the Oglala Sioux and his mother was a Brule. According to Schmeckpeper (2009), he was of slight build, his skin and hair lighter than most of his tribe (p. 16). All through his childhood his friends called him Curly or Light Hair. He wasn’t called Crazy Horse until his father bequeathed his own name on the young man to signify that he was now a warrior. Growing up in the Oglala camp, Curly heard and absorbed all the stories of long ago hunts, wars and traditions. By the time he was born the whites had already affected the buffalo herds our people depended on so life was changing. For one thing, food was scarcer so camps had to be moved more often. The years when Crazy Horse was developing into a warrior were hard ones for us, the Lakota Sioux. The white men were pushing into the Black Hills (the PaSapa, our Holy Land) looking for gold or heading farther west. Whites were swarming onto our lands. Hunters killed whole herds of buffalo and only took the hides. They left the meat to rot. It was a bad way to treat our brother, the buffalo.
CRAZY HORSE – THE WAR LEADER 3 This flood of white men was causing divisions within the tribe. Most of the young men wanted to fight the soldiers and drive the whites out of our land. The older men worried that there were way too many whites. It would be useless to fight them. A better way would be to try and live peacefully with them.
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- Summer '16
- Lakota people, Sioux, Crazy Horse, Black Hills, Crazy Horse Monument