Chapter30_Notes.pdf - Chapter 30 Notes 1. Explain how...

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Chapter 30 Notes1.Explain how federal spending, the baby boom, and technological developments helped spureconomic growth, create suburbanization , minority migration, a conformist culture and the rise ofthe “Sun Belt”.New TechnologiesNew technologies and products developed for military purposesradar, computers, electronics,plastics and synthetics, jet engines, rockets, atomic energybegan to transform the private sector as well. Dramaticnew technological advances in agricultural production reduced the need for manual laborers. Air-conditioning,developed by Willis Haviland Carrier in the first decade of the century, became a common household fixture in the1950s and enhanced the appeal of living in warm climates. Military research also helped spawn the new glamourindustries of the postwar era: chemicals, electronics, and aviation.Consumer CultureTelevisions made it much easier to advertise nationwide, and spread consumer crazes across the country quickly.Consumers had more spending power than ever before because of increased credit and credit cards as well as easypayment plans. Consumer credit increased by 800% between 1945 and 1957.TelevisionThe most popular new household product was the television set. In 1946 there were only 7,000 primitive black-and-white TV sets in the country; by 1960 there were 50 million high-quality sets. Nine out of ten homes had one, and by1970, 38 percent of homes had one of the new color sets.TV Guidewas the fastest-growing new periodical of the 1950s.Watching television displaced listening to the radio as anessential daily activity for millions of people.GI Bill of RightsAlso known as Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 gave money to veternas to study in colleges, universities,gave medical treatment, loans to buy a house or farm or start a new business. Between 1944 and 1956, almost 8million veterans took advantage of $14.5 billion in GI Bill subsidies to attend college or job-training programs. Some 5million veterans bought new homes with GI Bill mortgage loans, which required no down payment and provided up totwenty years for repayment.Veterans AdministrationAn agency of the federal government created to provide a loan guaranty program which enables qualified veterans tofinance real estate purchases with a higher loan-to-value ratio than is normally possible with conventional financing.Baby BoomAfter the war, families had tons of babies, creating this. Led to a 20 % population growth during the 50s and led toincreasing consumer demand. The demographic explosion from births to returning soldiers and others who had putoff starting families during the war; this large generation of new Americans forced the expansion of many institutionssuch as schools and universities.
Sunbelt States“Sun Belt”The fifteen-state crescent through the American South and Southwest in an arc that stretched from the Carolinas toCalifornia, a region that by the 1970s was being lumped together into the “sunbelt.”Sun belt states experienced

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Term
Fall
Professor
Roux
Tags
US History, Cold War, President Dwight D Eisenhower

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