Chapter 33 NotesWhat explains the rise of Ronald Reagan and Republican Conservatism?CarterPresident of the United States who was a peanut farmer and former governor of Georgia, he defeated Gerald Ford in1976. As President, he arranged the Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel in 1978 but saw his foreignpolicy legacy tarnished by the Iranian Revolution and hostage crisis in 1979. Domestically, he tried to rally theAmerican spirit in the face of economic decline, but was unable to stop the rapid increase in inflation. After leavingthe presidency, he achieved widespread respect as an elder statesman and won the Nobel Peace Prize.SuperfundCarter's plan to clean up toxic waste sites, like Butte and Love Canal in Niagara Falls, New York. Money for the fundcomes from taxing chemical products.“moral equivalent of war”President Carter appealed to congress and the American public to launch an energy crusade which he called “moralequivalent of war”. He suggested to conserve use of oil and submitted a big energy bill which was put together byinexperienced people contained several small initiatives but failed to impress congress and general public.Human Rights CampaignPresident Carter favored human rights and peacemaking; created the Office of Human Rights in the StateDepartment. He said “ the soul of our foreign policy” should be the defense of human rights abroad. It was a noblegoal, but largely a failure. He decided to cut off foreign aid to countries that chronically violated basic human rights.He also decided to hand over Panama canal to Panama from American control which was not liked by many inCongress.Panama CanalCarter proposed two treaties that would give ownership and control of the Panama Canal back to Panamanians bythe year 2000. The return of the Panama Canal was one of Carter's accomplishments in foreign policy.Conservatives in congress lambasted Carter for giving Panama Canal back. They argued that we paid for it and weought to keep it. But Carter explained that the US influence in Latin America is fueling anti American sentimenteverywhere so there is no other choice available than returning the Canal back.Camp David AccordsAn historic peace agreement negotiated between Egypt and Israel at the U.S. Presidential retreat at Camp David,Maryland; under the pact Israel agreed to return captured territory to Egypt and to negotiate Palestinian autonomy inthe West Bank and Gaza Strip. First part of the agreement to return lands to Egypt happened but the second part ofIsrael negotiating with Egypt about Palestinian refugees never happened. In the wake of the Camp David Accords,most of the Arab nations condemned Sadatas a traitor. Islamic extremists assassinated him. Still, Carter and Vance were responsible for a dramatic display ofhigh-level diplomacy. Accord made an all-out war between Israel and the Arab world less likely.
SALT IISalt II agreement placed a ceiling of 2,250 bombers and missiles on each side and set limits on the number of