Reviewer for KAS 1.pdf - Reviewer for KAS 1 What is History-historian-cause effect-connections-chronology \u201cHistory is like a narrative\u201d \u201cHistory

Reviewer for KAS 1.pdf - Reviewer for KAS 1 What is...

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Reviewer for KAS 1 What is History? -historian -cause & effect -connections -chronology “History is like a narrative” “History is based on facts” What does a historian need to write history? Facts. 2 Kinds of Facts A. Facts of the Past Facts that happened B. Historical Facts Rescued; was mentioned Kind of subjective sine “pinipili” kung ano yung important “Perspectives will change as time goes by as long as there are people.” E.H. Carr continuous process of interaction between historian and his/her facts unending dialogue between past and present History VS Kasaysayan History Greek: historia (inquiry into the past) Kasaysayan Tagalog: saysay (significance/relevance) Salazar salaysay hinggil sa nakaraan na may saysay para sa sariling grupo o lipunan Time temporal context there is a change as time passes Place spatial context culture is different among different places ex: highlands vs lowlands culture -river valleys enabled large populations/civilizations to grow People actors, influences, recorders Which is the most important? People. Time and place will always exist but there is no history without people; History is about People. Does History really repeat itself? No. You can’t repeat time. Models of History A . Cyclical from the Chinese ex: Babylonian civilization > Fall of Babylonian Civilization > Rise of a new civilization > fall of the new civilization B. Linear History is a progression Christian philosophers in the middle ages Every vent is unique in its own way ex: technology is always improving globalization-before, we were all separated but now we are connected (via technology, etc.) C. Spiral Combination of the first two Sources o Primary first-hand, original, eyewitness ex: interviews, surveys, journal (diary), artifacts, buildings, photos, video footage, autobiographies B. Secondary Based on primary sources ex: reviews/critiques ~it’s tricky to identify whether its primary or secondary~ Criticism Criticize your sources; determine whether you can use the source or if it’s appropriate Examine it External Criticism To determine the authenticity ex: 18th century paper pero naka bond paper=not authentic ex: Code of Kalantion (Americans paid so much money for it but it turned out to be a fake
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Internal Criticism Credibility How factual was the data, is it accurate, who wrote it, can we trust it? Callao Man Hominid 67000 B.P. (Before Present) Tabon Man Homo sapiens sapiens, 40 000 B.P. Austronesian Migration Theory linguistic and archaeological evidence (as opposed to the Wave Migration Theory) most popular theory about migration Ex: similarities in languages from different places/countries o Out of Taiwan Hypothesis (OOT) Taiwan to other places More popular than Nusantao o Nusantao Mindanao to other places Barangay Balangay/balongni > boat 30 to 100 households/families Smallest political units of Tagalogs [Ilawod - down the river, lowland and coastal groups Ilaya
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