HIST2111-Week16B2 - The Struggle For The Union Announcement...

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The Struggle For The Union
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Announcement 1. Mock final will be posted on WebCT this weekend 2. We’ll discuss the mock final on Monday 3. On Tuesday, you are encouraged to bring questions regarding the final for an in- class review session
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Could War Be Avoided? Which scenario might have prevented the outbreak of the Civil War? a) The Republicans nominated another candidate besides Abraham Lincoln???? b) The Republican Party did not win the presidential election of 1860???? c) Another president, besides Buchanan, was in the White House????
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Mobilizing to Fight: The South A. The South 1. Military strategists decided to use the “offensive-defensive” strategy - continue to defend southern territory while going on the offensive against the Yankees 2. Deprived of money from custom duties as a result of the blockade, the CSA relied on floating bonds, raising taxes, and levying a 10% tax on farm produce 3. Printed money that declined in value (by war’s end Confederate $ was worth 1.6 cents) 4. Raising a volunteer army and impressing slave labor met with stiff resistance from many a) Yeoman farm families who were defensive of the independence of their own households b) Planters who feared that slaves impressed would be difficult to control now that plantation discipline had been loosened 5. March 1862, implemented a military conscription law: all men between 18 and 35 (later 45) were called up for 3 years of service a) Exempted railroad employees, schoolteachers, miners and druggists b) Allowed the buying of substitutes by draftees who could afford the $300 price for them -- allowed wealthy men to pay someone to fight in their stead c) Provoked anger among ordinary citizens and principled states’ rights advocates 6. October 1862, Confederate Congress passed a measure that exempted from military service one white man for every 20 slaves on a plantation (Twenty- Negro Law)
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Mobilizing to Fight: The North A. The North 1. After humiliating defeat at Manassas Junction (Bull Run), Northerners gave up the idea that suppression of the rebels would be easy began reorganizing the country’s officer corps and fortify its armies 2. Northern force was more than twice that of the south: 527,204 in comparison to the South’s 209,852 3. Suspended habeas corpus, which allowed the incarceration of people not yet charged with a crime; targeted those suspected of interfering with war mobilization of men and supplies 4. The 1 1/2 year of war, Union military strategy reflected a prewar Republican indifference to the rights and welfare of both northern and southern blacks: Lincoln revoked a directive released by Gen. John Frémont that would have authorized the seizure of property and the emancipation of slaves owned by Confederates in Missouri 5. 20,000 white and black women served as nurses, cooks, and laundresses in Union military hospitals 6.
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