HIST2111SP-Week9B - Revolutionary Legacies Treaty of Paris...

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Revolutionary Legacies
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Treaty of Paris, 1783 A. America : a) Removal of British troops b) Right to fish in Newfoundland waters c) Revision of the Canadian border, which the Quebec Act of 1774 had pushed south to the Ohio River d) Britain should cede Canada to the United States 1. Persuaded Britain to relinquish the Ohio Valley and accept a northern boundary for the US defined by the Great Lakes and the highlands marking the edge of the St. Lawrence River valley; 2. US would reach to the Mississippi River and Americans would gain free navigation on the waterway, despite Spanish opposition 3. In the South, the 31st parallel, above East and West Florida would provide the American boundary e) Britain pay indemnity for war damages B. Britain : a) Sought compensation for roughly 70,000 American Loyalists who had been driven from their homes b) Right to collect old debts that colonists had owed to British merchants before 1776
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Review As a result of the Treaty of Paris (1783), the newly formed United States gained all of the following concessions from Britain, except : A. Removal of British troops from America’s borders A. The annexation of Canada to the United States A. Agreement of Britain to pay indemnity for war damages A. The extension of its western border to the Mississippi River and free navigation of the river
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Shays’ Rebellion 1. 1786, Commonwealth of MA imposed a heavy direct tax 2. Western farmers lacked sufficient cash and faced with foreclosures for debt 3. Farmers Respond: a) Protested the tax law at town meetings and county conventions b) Decided to “regulate” events as North Carolina Regulators had done 2 decades earlier; became known as Shays’ Rebellion c) Focused on closing the courts d) In August 1786, 1,500 farmers marched against the Court of Common Pleas (in Hampshire County) and shut it down; then Worcester e) In January 1787, 1,000 Shaysites seized the federal arsenal in Springfield f) Demonstrated differing interests of those in western backcountry and eastern seaboard 4. Government Retaliates: a) Governor mobilized an army, financed largely by wealthy merchants in Boston, that overpowered the western farmers and forced them to sign an oath of allegiance b) Rebellion demonstrates the weakness of the Articles of Confederation
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