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HIST2111SP-Week4A

HIST2111SP-Week4A - Settlement Colonization and...

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Settlement, Colonization and Contestation for Control
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Review Which was not a reason for Columbus’ voyage to the New World or other European voyages of exploration later? 1. To demonstrate that the world was round 2. To discover a trade route to the East (Orient) 3. Discovery of gold in Mexico and Peru 4. Competition between European nations for dominance
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Review European nations began settling and colonizing America in order to: A. Secure their possession of the land B. Maintain trade relations with the local Indians C. Achieve and maintain supremacy in Europe D. All of the above
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North American Settlements 1. Dutch : New Netherland; settlement financed by Dutch West India Company; 1624 -- first shipment of settlers arrived, settled first at Fort Orange (near present-day Albany), then in 1626 moved to Fort Amsterdam (on Manhattan Island); major allies were Mohawks and Mahicans; most ethnically and religiously diverse settlement 2. French : New France; 1608 Samuel de Champlain and several dozen men established the outpost of Quebec; aimed at dominating the beaver trade; allied with Hurons and Algonquin 3. English : New England, Jamestown VA, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, The Carolinas, Georgia 4. Swedish : Delaware
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Prerequisites for English to Challenge Spanish Overseas Power 1. Alliance between English government and private business 2. Capital mobilized through new joint stock companies 3. Ships and experienced sailors available through fisheries 4. Manpower available due to “enclosures” and growing English population 5. Publicity by network of propagandists (Richard Hakluyt)
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Motives For English Colonization 1. Develop resources in rivalry with Spanish, French and Dutch 2. Desire to find gold and/or Northwest Passage to Orient 3. Provide haven for religious dissidents (Puritans, Catholics) 4. Commitment to converting Indians as Christians, allies 5. Combat unemployment by resettling England’s underclass
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