HIST2111SP-Week9A - To Form A More Perfect Union The...

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To Form A More Perfect Union
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The Conclusion of the War (1782- 1783) 1. British & Loyalists evacuate Charleston & New York, 1782 2. Washington ends officer plot, Newburgh, NY, March 1783 a) Officers reluctant to disband w/o clear assurances of payment b) If demands were met then they would be like “lambs”, if not, they would become “tigers and wolves” c) Under Washington’s persuasion, ( 1 )officers accepted a congressional offer of full pay for the next five years; ( 2 )urged officers not to take any actions that would undermine the honor they had earned 3. Americans sign treaty with Britain --Versailles, September, 1783
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Treaty of Paris, 1783 A. America : a) Removal of British troops b) Right to fish in Newfoundland waters c) Revision of the Canadian border, which the Quebec Act of 1774 had pushed south to the Ohio River d) Britain should cede Canada to the United States 1. Persuaded Britain to relinquish the Ohio Valley and accept a northern boundary for the US defined by the Great Lakes and the highlands marking the edge of the St. Lawrence River valley; 2. US would reach to the Mississippi River and Americans would gain free navigation on the waterway, despite Spanish opposition 3. In the South, the 31st parallel, above East and West Florida would provide the American boundary e) Britain pay indemnity for war damages B. Britain : a) Sought compensation for roughly 70,000 American Loyalists who had been driven from their homes b) Right to collect old debts that colonists had owed to British merchants before 1776
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Review As a result of the Treaty of Paris (1783), the newly formed United States gained all of the following concessions from Britain, except : A. Removal of British troops from America’s borders A. The annexation of Canada to the United States A. Agreement of Britain to pay indemnity for war damages A. The extension of its western border to the Mississippi River and free navigation of the river
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Scholarly Schools of Thought 1. Whig Historians : ( a )Represented primarily by George Bancroft; Dominant directly after the Rev. War; ( b )Above all a patriotic ode to freedom -- belief that freedom is the strongest drive in man; ( c )“Americans had been blessed with an environment peculiarly well suited to the growth of freedom and, above all, with the special favor of God”; “ Americans were God’s chosen people marked out for a special purpose, and their Revolution was the necessary prelude to the “political regeneration” of mankind, an important milestone on man’s inevitable march toward a freer and more nearly perfect world 2. Imperialist Historians : ( a )Represented by Herbert Levi Osgood and George Louis Beer; ( b )Gained increasing dominance in the decades immediately preceding WWI; ( c )Sought a more “just and scientific view of the Revolution”; ( d )Suggested that the British government was not guilty of intentional tyranny toward the colonies, but was provoked into pursuing the measures that led to revolution; Revolution was a tragic mistake and a “temporary separation of two kindred peoples.”
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Scholarly Schools of Thought 1.
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