HIST2111SP-Week7B2 - Revolutionaries at War Review All of...

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Revolutionaries at War
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Review All of the following were reasons why the connection between Great Britain and her 13 American colonies became “uneasy” except, A. Fundamental discrepancies in the imperial-colonial relationship A. Britain’s continued overwhelming strength in the colonies A. The colonies possessed the conditions necessary for self-rule A. Britain’s decision to abandon the policy of accommodation
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Why can the relationship between Britain and her American colonies be described as “uneasy”? 1. All the colonies possessed the conditions necessary for self-government 2. Continued weakness of British power in the colonies 3. Two fundamental discrepancies in the imperial-colonial relationship 4. Decision of colonial authorities in Britain to abandon the policy of accommodation -- decision was taken gradually in the decade beginning in 1748 , but accelerated after the French and Indian War An Uneasy Connection
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All the colonies possessed the conditions necessary for self-government 1. Emergence of stable, coherent, effective and acknowledged local, political and social elites a) Development of local centers and institutions of acknowledged and functioning authority w/i the colonies b) Development of remarkably elastic political systems (inclusivist rather than exclusivist; and capacity to permit resolution of internal conflicts) c) Rising competence of the colonies in non-political and semi-political spheres 2. Tremendous increase in the size and wealth of the colonies in terms of the number of people, the amount of productive land, labor, and skills, and the extent of settled territory a) Gave colonists a potential for economic and military resistance b) Vastness of the colonies constituted a formidable obstacle to suppressing any large-scale or broadly diffused movement of resistance
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Continued weakness of British power in the colonies 1. No central governing agency w/i Britain with effective authority to deal quickly and efficiently with colonial matters a) The Board of Trade had only advisory powers and its history was one of failure to obtain the ministerial and parliamentary support necessary 1) Its staff was small; absence of any efficient means of communication between Britain and the colonies 2) The Board was invariably more responsive to the demands of powerful interest groups w/i Britain than it was to those of the colonists 2. In the colonies, imperial administrative machinery was insufficient for the enforcement of imperial policy a) Governors had few dependable resources with which to put down opposition b) Imperial authorities never sought to strengthen the ties between Britain and the colonies by admitting provincial aristocracies into metropolitan political establishment 3. Dramatic increase in the importance of the colonies to Britain’s economy a) Between 1700-1770, imports from the continental colonies increased 165%; exports to the colonies rose twice as fast, at a rate of almost 400%
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Two fundamental discrepancies in the imperial-colonial relationship 1.
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