HIST2111SP-Week5B - The Expansion of Slavery the Great...

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The Expansion of Slavery, the Great Awakening and America’s Growing Diversity
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Review Bacon’s Rebellion was a significant event in American history for all of the following reasons, except : A. As a consequence of the Rebellion, a decision was made in VA to divide the population along racial lines - to prevent lower classes to unite B. It demonstrated what could be accomplished when Native Americans, Africans and Europeans work together C. It was one of the precursors to the “terrible transformation” D. It demonstrated to the ruling elites the dangers of multiracial lower-class alliances
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Review All of the following defined the “terrible transformation,” EXCEPT: A. The shift from dependence on indentured servants to slave labor B. The shift in status of Africans from indentured servants to chattel slaves - defined as property without rights C. The shift from using white indentured servants to relying predominantly on Indian slaves D. The emergence of race-based slavery in the colonies
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White Response to Slave Revolts and the Fledgling Slave Institution 1. Some colonists viewed slavery as morally degrading and physically dangerous to maintain 2. Imposed a heavy import duty on new African arrivals 3. Backlash against free blacks -- presence in slave society seen as a contradiction and a threat 4. Various colonial assemblies passed laws restricting manumissions (freeing of slaves) 5. Christianity as potential tool of slave control
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Christianity Used As Tool Of Slave Control Biblical“Scriptures”Utilized by Pro-Slavery Proponents 1. “Slaves, obey your earthly masters with respect and fear, and with sincerity of heart, just as you would obey Christ…Serve wholeheartedly, as if you were serving the Lord, not men, because you know that the Lord will reward everyone for whatever good he does, whether he is slave or free.” Ephesians 6:5-8 Biblical “Scriptures” Avoided by Pro-Slavery Proponents “And masters, treat your slaves in the same way. Do not threaten them, since you know that he who is both their Master and yours is in heaven, and there is no favoritism with him.” Ephesians 6:5-8 “Therefore, although in Christ I could be bold and order you to do what you ought to do , yet I appeal to you on the basis of love…I appeal to you for my son
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