$VLDQ 3DFLÀF -RXUQDO RI &DQFHU 3UHYHQWLRQ± 9RO ²³± ´µ²¶8571DOI:+HDOWK %HQHÀWV RIMoringa oleifera Asian Pac J Cancer Prev,15 (20), 8571-8576IntroductionMoringa (Moringa oleiferaLam). is a type of local medicinal Indian herb which has turn out to be familiar in the tropical and subtropical countries. The other terms used for Moringa are Horseradish tree, Mulangay, Mlonge, Benzolive, Drumstick tree, Sajna, Kelor, Saijihan and Marango. Moringa oleiferaLV VKRZQ LQ VFLHQWLÀFdivision to become from Kingdom: Plantae, Division: Magnoliphyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Brassicales, Family: Moringaceae, Genus: Moringa, Species: M. oleifera (Fahey, 2005). Moringa oleiferais one of the vegetables of the Brassica order and belongs to the family Moringaceae. The Moringaceae is a single genus family with 13 known species (Khawaja et al., 2010). Moringa oleiferais a small native tree of the sub-Himalayan regions of North West India, which is now indigenous to many regions in $IULFD±$UDELD± 6RXWK (DVW$VLD± WKH 3DFLÀF DQG &DULEEHDQIslands and South America. Traditionally, besides being a daily used vegetable among people of these regions, the Moringa is also widely known and used for its health EHQHÀWV. Among commoners, it has earned its name as ‘the miracle tree’ due to its amazing healing abilities for various ailments and even some chronic diseases. Several investigations were carried out to isolate bioactive compounds from various parts of the plant due to its various applications (Guevara et al., 1999). Therefore, herbal plants in medicine or known as phytomedicine are still trustworthy and widely applied as one of the DOWHUQDWLYH ZD\ LQ PHGLFLQDO ÀHOG GXH WR LWV DIIRUGDEOHcost (Abalaka et al., 2009).1Food Safety Research Centre (FOSREC), Faculty of Food Science and Technology, 2Laboratory of UPM-MAKNA Cancer Research, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia *For correspondence: [email protected] edu. myAbstract3K\WRPHGLFLQHV DUH EHOLHYHG WR KDYH EHQHÀWV RYHU FRQYHQWLRQDO GUXJV DQG DUH UHJDLQLQJ LQWHUHVW LQ FXUUHQWresearch. Moringa oleiferais a multi-purpose herbal plant used as human food and an alternative for medicinal purposes worldwide. ,W KDV EHHQ LGHQWLÀHG E\ UHVHDUFKHUV DV D SODQW ZLWK QXPHURXV KHDOWK EHQHÀWV LQFOXGLQJQXWULWLRQDO DQG PHGLFLQDO DGYDQWDJHV. Moringa oleiferacontains essential amino acids, carotenoids in leaves, and FRPSRQHQWV ZLWK QXWUDFHXWLFDO SURSHUWLHV± VXSSRUWLQJ WKH LGHD RI XVLQJ WKLV SODQW DV D QXWULWLRQDO VXSSOHPHQWor constituent in food preparation. Some nutritional evaluation has been carried out in leaves and stems. An important factor that accounts for the medicinal uses of Moringa oleiferaLV LWV YHU\ ZLGH UDQJH RI YLWDO DQWLR[LGDQWV±DQWLELRWLFV DQG QXWULHQWV LQFOXGLQJ YLWDPLQV DQG PLQHUDOV. $OPRVW DOO SDUWV IURP 0RULQJD FDQ EH XVHG DV D VRXUFHfor nutrition with other useful values. 7KLV PLQL²UHYLHZ HODERUDWHV RQ GHWDLOV RI LWV KHDOWK EHQHÀWV.