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A&P lab 4.pdf - BSC 2085 Lab 4 VERTEBRAL COLUMN, PECTORAL...

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BSC 2085 Lab 4VERTEBRAL COLUMN, PECTORAL GIRDLE, UPPER LIMBHernan Aviles
VERTEBRAL COLUMN24 vertebrae, sacrum and coccyxSeparated by intervertebral discsSuperior and inferior notches form the intervertebral foramina (passage of spinal nerves)7 cervical, 12 dorsal and 5 lumbarCurvatures, spinous process, transverse process.2
General Structure of VertebraeBody, vertebral foramen, transverse process, spinous process, lamina, pedicle, facets (superior and inferior)3
Cervical vertebrae (C1 to C7)Identifying characteristic: transverse foramina (holes in transverse processes)C3-C7 share all the general characteristics of vertebrae: body, transverse process, spinous process, lamina, pedicle, facets (superior and inferior)Exceptions: C1 (atlas) and C2 (axis) 4
ATLAS (C1)Superior facets articulates with the occipital (condyles)Anterior and posterior arch, lateral massesAXIS (C2)Odontoid process (dent), allows rotation of the atlas and hence the headOthers bone marks similar to other vertebrae5
Cervical vertebrae (general view)6

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Term
Winter
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Physiology, Anatomy, RNA, Vertebra, Bones of the torso, thoracic vertebrae, sacral promontory

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