Copy of Humanities review - Humanities review \u2605 Whapter 24 \u25cb Latin america before europeans arrived \u25a0 large military empires(inca\/aztec with

Copy of Humanities review - Humanities review u2605...

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Humanities review Whapter 24 Latin america before europeans arrived: large military empires(inca/aztec) with agrarian societies, polytheistic religions, few advances in technology, human sacrifice, beasts of burden Latin america after europeans arrived: adopted christianity, strict social hierarchy (peninsulares, creoles, mestizos/mulattoes, natives/slaves) columbian exchange, triangular trade increased slave imports to work on plantations, encomienda and mita system w/ natives working for europeans, viceroys and audiencias govnd Reasons for natives population decline: diseases from europe ex. smallpox ravaged societies, harsh working conditions and brutality under encomienda system, eu’s had superior weapons of war and conflict -> empires fell and ppl declined Reasons for europeans came and stayed: came for gold, glory, god, stayed bc found large mines of silver 4 profit, fertile land -> plantations w/ cash crops for profit, abundant natural resources, could exploit natives(free labor, profit) People: conquistadores: military leaders conquered the new world, hernan cortes toppled aztecs, francisco pizarro toppled incas, conquered natives for spain. military/technology/alliances w/natives/.disease helped them conquer, lost influence when spain sent viceroys Whaper 25 Africa before the europeans arrived: 3 large regional empire kingdoms: mali, ghana, songhay(traded slaves). limited slave trade between african conquerors and conquered 4 firearms, multi-ethnic tribes, agrarian, traded gold./ivory/slaves w/ middle east and each other. Advanced civilizations(but not like eu) islamic, harims Reasons for slave trade to new world: demand for labor on plantations bc main source of revenue, natives who used to do labor dying off, working conditions harsh and disproportionate # men -> constantly need to replenish Effects of slave trade on africa: polygamy(men multiple wives) bc men kept taken, raids -> conflict, slaves traded for weapons -> consolidate empires, pop decline bc taken but overall pop increase bc goods traded w/ eu and new world, triangular trade linked africa-> rest of world Effects of slave trade on new world: continued plantations, more labor bc slaves increased Whapter 26 How did manchu take power: weak ming gov/military -> rebellion -> call for aid from
manchus and w/ strong military stayed/took over and est. qing dynasty, est. exam system, rid of persians, ruled long time How did manchu rule: scholar bureaucrats governed dynasty, reestablished confucian education(bc filial piety) w/ some manchu values in chinese culture How did ming take power: took power bc mongols devastated from plague, built powerful imperial state How did ming rule: revived exam system staffed by confucian scholars, rid of persians, promoted confucian thought, reinstated foot binding 2 subjegate women(mongols against) Ming vs qing: ming wanted to erase all signs of mongol influence and restore traditional ways to china. Qing promoted chinese ways. Both emperors v. conservative, principal

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