GOVT311 Lecture 11 Individual Opinion II

GOVT311 Lecture 11 Individual Opinion II - Individual...

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Individual Opinions II GOVT311 Lecture 11
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Definitions from Psychology Values: abstract conceptions about how the world should be (sanctity of human life) Beliefs: more specific than values, and attached to a specific object (belief on abortion) Attitudes: external manifestations of internal values, more transitory than beliefs (attitudes on abortion laws, such as parental notification) Norms: acceptable behavior in context Culture: set of values and norms that are salient to a specific society
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Translating Values » Attitudes Value Hierarchies: personal assessments of what values are more important These values are broadly limited by the context of culture Value Ambivalence: when two values cannot be ranked (such as liberty and equality)
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Do Value Hierarchies Exist? Persons are asked to rank order Liberty, Equality, Economic Security, and Social Order, by successively answering pair-wise comparisons Intransitive: when someone ranks Liberty > Equality > Economic Security > Social Order > Liberty It turns out most people have a consistent ordering (N&W p. 187, 189)
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Values, Ideology, and attitudes Conservatives versus Liberals (N&W p.192): More importance of liberty: conservatives More importance of equality: liberals More importance of social order: conservatives
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