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Unformatted text preview: PSYC 101 STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 On the lighter side DEDUCTIVE REASONING Taking a well-earned break from the detective business, Sherlock Holmes and Watson were on a camping/hiking trip. They had gone to bed and were lying there looking up at the sky. Holmes said, "Watson, look up. What do you see?" "Well, I see thousands of stars." "And what does that mean to you?" "Well, I suppose it means that of all the planets and suns and moons in the universe, that we are truly the one most blessed with the reason to deduce theorems to make our way in this world of criminal enterprises and blind greed. It means that we are truly small in the eyes of God but struggle each day to be worthy of the senses and spirit we have been blessed with. And, I suppose, at the very least, in the meteorological sense, it means that it is most likely that we will have another nice day tomorrow. What does it mean to you, Holmes?" "To me, it means someone has stolen our tent." PSYCHIATRIC HOTLINE Welcome to the Psychiatric Hotline. If you are obsessive-compulsive, please press 1 repeatedly. If you are co-dependent, please ask someone to press 2. If you have multiple personalities, please press 3, 4, 5, and 6. If you are paranoid-delusional, we know who you are and what you want. Just stay on the line so we can trace the call. If you are schizophrenic, listen carefully and a little voice will tell you which number to press. If you are depressed, it doesn't matter which number you press. No one will answer. If you are delusional and occasionally hallucinate, please be aware that the thing you are holding on the side of your head is alive and about to bite off your ear. Chapter 1 Questions 1-21 1-7 Timothy Saulsbury tcs6n 8-14 Jennifer Peterson jsp2d 7. How did the British empiricists explain the origin of complex ideas and thoughts? What role did the law of association by contiguity play in their philosophy? Complex thoughts are elementary ideas derived from sensory experiences linked together. Thoughts are reflections of ones experiences in the physical and social environment. The law of association by contiguity states that when a person gets two stimuli at the same time the person links the two stimuli together. Like sight and taste of an apple. 8. What influence has empiricist philosophy had on psyc? The law of association by contiguity is the fundamental principle of learning and memory. Psycologist study the effect of experience on ones thoughts feelings and behaviors....
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Nosek during the Spring '07 term at UVA.

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