Personality 1

Personality 1 - Introduction to Personality,...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Personality, Psychopathology, Stress and Health, and StressManagement Personality and Social Psychology: A relationship of mutual advantage (The main journal is called JPSP!) n So ia Ps ch lo y E ph si es oc al sy ho og mp as ze : n S ci l P yc ol gy Em ha iz s: n Pe so al ty Ps ch lo y E ph si es er on li y P yc ol gy mp as ze : n P rs na it sy ho og Em ha iz s: u "W ar al , a By on pu it di fe en ly or an ze . We re ll s B ro ut t, if er nt y o ga iz d. " e a e a l, as yr n p t i , d ff re tl rg ni ed We ea h e e ch W ac mo e w th n t e r st ai ts of ou te pe am nt an li e u on y ov it in he es ra nt f o r t mp ra en nd iv p o ly m ve wi hi th re tr in s o ur em er me t a d l ve up nl pa ti ll to it po si il ti s" p 21 , J mi on ar ia ly o i s p ss bi it es . 2 0, am so p rt al y t ts os ib li ie " p. 10 Ja is n Etymology: Persona as surface mask But Personality penetrates from the surface to our cores, from our behavior to what organizes and drives our behavior Consider Freud's original model: n (and be familiar with how this model relates to his structural n ( n b f m l a w t h a a i i i o t i m d r l t t h s r c u a h o e e a e i t u t r model of personality, the model of psychosexual development, m d o p r o a i y t m d o p y h s x a d v l p e t o e e s n l t h o e s c o e u e e o m n and to the defense mechanisms) a t t d f n m c a i m ) n h e e s e h n s s Consider the Trait Model: Personality "traits" represent important "individual differences": ua t ai is a s ab e d sp si io al ch ra te is ic wh ch re le ts th ra t i ta le is os ti na ha ac er st c w ic ef ec s t e a tr it s a st bl di po it on l c ar ct ri ti hi h r fl ct he "i di id al s d st nc an re at ve y e du in pa te n o in iv du l' is in t a d r la iv ly nd ri g p tt rn f " nd vi ua 's di ti ct nd el ti el en ur ng at er of th ug ts fe li gs mo iv s, an be av or " ho gh s, ee in s, ot ve , a d b ha io s" t ou ht , f el ng , m ti es nd eh vi rs Traits Predispose: n Tr it pr di po e d ff re t t pe of co ni iv , a fe ti e, an ra ts re is os if er nt yp s o og it ve ff ct ve nd n T ai s p ed sp se di fe en ty es f c gn ti e, af ec iv , a d in er er on l b ha io nt rp rs na eh vi r i te pe so al be av or n th y p ed sp se in iv du l p rs ns to ha e u iq el di fe en he re is os nd vi ua er on o h ve ni ue y d ff re t n t ey pr di po e i di id al pe so s t av un qu ly if er nt ex er en es of se f a d o he xp ri nc s o el nd th r e pe ie ce f s lf an ot er Traits develop early and are rooted in genetics and temperament: n Re ie : te pe am nt an at ac me t s yl s a e e rl ev ew em er me t a d a ta hm nt ty es re ar y n R vi w: t mp ra en nd tt ch en st le ar ea ly re le ti ns of th di ec io of pe so al ty te de ci s ef ec io s o he ir ct on f p rs na it en en ie r fl ct on f t e d re ti n o er on li y t nd nc es n Re ie : "S ec fi re po se " i th ab ve tr it mo el ar ev ew Sp ci ic es on es n t e a ov ra t m de re n R vi w: " pe if c r sp ns s" in he bo e t ai od l a e li ke to "H bi ua re po se " w ic ar li ke th or ti al y in ed o " ab tu l r sp ns s" hi h a e l nk d t eo et ca ly l nk d t Ha it al es on es wh ch re in ed he re ic ll to no on y t mp ra en an at ac me t, bu al o t al of o n t o ly em er me t a d a ta hm nt ut ls o a l o t ot nl te pe am nt nd tt ch en , b t a so to ll f le rn ng (o er nt so ia , c as ic l c nd ti ni g, et ) ea ni g ( pe an , s ci l, la si al on it on ng tc l ar in op ra t, oc al cl ss ca co di io in , e c) Personality Traits are heritable and cohere with an underlying psychobiology (slide is adaptation of GH figure 12.9): Moreover, we become more consistent with aging: Example: Psychobiological Construction of Traits n (c rt on ex mp e f ll ws th be ut , c me y a d t ag dy of th ca to n e am le ol ow : he ea ty om dy nd ra ed f t e n ( ar oo xa pl fo lo s: t e b au y, co ed an tr ge y o he ge et cs of pe so al ty en ti s o er on li y) g ne ic f p rs na it ) Data on Psychobiological Perspectives n 1) Tw n S ud es an ho He it bi it Es im te ) T in tu ie nc or er ta il ty st ma es n 1 wi St di s a ch r H ri ab li y E ti at s u MZ Tw ns Co co da ce > D Tw ns Co co da ce Z T in on or an es Z T in on or an es M wi s C nc rd nc s > DZ wi s C nc rd nc s n 2) He it bi it Es im te (s e a ap ed GH sl de 12 9 a ov ): ) H ri ab li y E ti at s ( ee da te H s id 2. bo e) n 2 er ta il ty st ma es se ad pt d G li e 1 .9 ab ve : u 40 60 of po ul ti n d ff re ce in di er e p rs na it tr it 0 0% f p pu at on if er nc s i iv rs er on li y t ai s 4 6 % o op la io di fe en es n d ve se pe so al ty ra ts (a hi ve en , a gr ss on em ti na we l b in , s re s ac ie em nt gg es io , e ot on l w ll ei g, tr ss ( ch ev me t, ag re si n, mo io al el be ng st es re ct vi y, sh ne s, et .) ar es im te to be at ri ut bl to ea ti it , s yn ss tc ) re st ma ed o b tt ib ta le o r ac iv ty hy es , e c. a e e ti at d t e a tr bu ab e t ge et c d ff re ce am ng in iv du ls (r ma nd r d e t en ti if er nc s a on nd vi ua s ( em in er ue o g ne ic di fe en es mo g i di id al re ai de du to en ir nm nt + m as re en er or nv ro me t + ea ur me t e ro ) e vi on en me su em nt rr r) The Psychometric/Trait/Individual Differences Perspective is a largely descriptive enterprise: n wh le ro te in sc en if c p in ip es of me su em nt hi e r ot d i ci nt fi ri ci le f m as re en n w il oo ed n s ie ti ic pr nc pl s o ea ur me t (s an ar iz ti n, re ia il ty va id ty , n ov ra ch ng ex la at ry st nd rd za io , r li bi it , v li it ), o o er rc in xp an to y ( ta da di at on el ab li y, al di y) no ve ar hi g e pl na or pe sp ct ve ar pr mi en er pe ti es re ro in nt p rs ec iv s a e p om ne t n In te d o ex la at on mo t o th se sy te s p rp rt to be us fu ns ea f e pl na io , m st f t es ys em ur or o b se ul n I st ad of xp an ti n, os of he e s st ms pu po t t e u ef l in de cr bi g c re fe tu es of pe so s n d sc ib ng or ea ur s o er on i es ri in co e f at re f p rs ns n St nd rd ze , r li bl an va id de cr pt on le ds to us fu ta da di ed el ab e a d v li es ri ti n l ad o u ef l n S an ar iz d, re ia le nd al d d sc ip io ea s t se ul pr di ti n re ic io p ed ct on Several Major Systems of Personality Trait Description Exist, each of which emphasizes different numbers of core traits n we ll lo k a on y t o o th se sy te s: Ey en 's tw fa to mo el e' l l ok t o ly wo f t es ys em : ys nk s t o f ct r m de n w 'l oo at nl tw of he e s st ms E se k' wo ac or od l an th "B g " nd he Bi 5 a d t e " ig 5" Eysenck Originally Posited Three "Superordinate" Personality Traits: n 1) Em ti na St bi it v. Em ti na In ta il ty (o , E ot on l ) E ot on l S ab li y v mo io al ns ab li y ( r, mo io al n 1 mo io al ta il ty . E ot on l I st bi it or Em ti na St bi it v. Ne ro ic sm ta il ty . N ur ti is ) S ab li y v eu ot ci m) u "T er is a t in li e b tw en wh t i co si er d z ny an wh t Th re s a th n l ne be we n w at is on id re za y a d w at hi in et ee ha s c ns de ed an nd ha u " he e i is th ug t t be a gh st y b t d mn ng wo d 'i ap ro ri te ' s t ou ht o b ha tl ut am in or in pp op ia e, i ho gh to e a g as ly bu da ni g w rd ' na pr pr at ,' an on y a sl ve is ga ex st be we n b in th ug t i te se or nd nl li er sh ap xi ts et ee ei g t ou ht nt ns , o a d o ly a s iv ri h g p e is s b tw en be ng ho gh in en e, r a b t v la il , a d b in di mi si el la el d ` ns ab e. " (p 20 , it ol ti e, nd ei g d sm ss ve y l be ed un ta le '" p. 02 a bi vo at le an be ng is is iv ly ab le `u st bl .' ( . 2 2, Ka Ja is n) ay am so ) K y J mi on n 2) ) n 2 Ex ra er io /I tr ve si n xt av rs on In ro er io E tr ve si n/ nt ov rs on n 3) Ps ch ti is ) P yc ot ci m n 3 sy ho ic sm But Eysenck's twofactor model has influenced Personality Psychology the most: The inner quadrant of the Eysenk model shows an Ancient Greek Typology that divided people into four types: n me an ho ic (m od an wi hd aw ) el nc ol c ( oo y a d w th ra n) n m la ch li mo dy nd it dr wn n ch le ic (i ri ab e a d o tg in ) ho er c ( rr ta le nd ut oi g) n c ol ri ir it bl an ou go ng n sa gu ne (s ab e a d o tg in ) an ui e ( ta le nd ut oi g) n s ng in st bl an ou go ng n ph eg at c ( ta le an wi hd aw ) hl gm ti st bl nd it dr wn n p le ma ic (s ab e a d w th ra n) The "Big Five" (each trait exists on a high/low scale) is perhaps the most dominant current psychometric measurement perspective in personality psychology The following slide describes the poles (High vs. Low on each trait) of the Big5: Hi h ig H gh Lo ow L w Ne ro ic sm eu ot ci m N ur ti is Ex ro er io xt ov rs on E tr ve si n Op nn ss pe ne s O en es Ag ee bl ne s gr ea le es A re ab en ss Co sc en io sn ss on ci nt ou ne s C ns ie ti us es Th nk "C NO " t re em er th nk to Li da J hi k " AN E" o r me be t an s t in a! T in CA OE to em mb r ha ks o L nd ! J Psychometric Research on BigFive: n St bi it /R li bi it : ta il ty Re ia il ty n S ab li y/ el ab li y: Let's discuss the tests you took, both of which are "objective" self report personality "tests" The LOTR: The BigFive: Defensive Pessimism: ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course PSY 202 taught by Professor Henriques during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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