TEST NOTES.docx - Chapter 1 Are Men and Women Different Interplanetary theory on difference and gender inequality For example psychologists John

TEST NOTES.docx - Chapter 1 Are Men and Women Different...

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Chapter 1 Are Men and Women Different? Interplanetary theory on difference and gender inequality. For example, psychologists John Gray’s (1992 in Kimmel and Holler, 2017) explanation of communication, love, need, feel etc. The challenge Difference is not only about classification, separation and socialization of genders into their gendered social roles. Classification and separation involve hierarchical ranking, power and inequality. Societies differ in the assignment of roles (i.e., cultural variations). The two tasks of any study of gender is to explain difference and domination (inequality) by answering the following questions: Why do societies differentiate people based on gender? (Perceived differences between men and women, kind of differences, division of labour and gender as the basis of difference). Why are nearly all societies based on male dominance? (Unequal gender division of labour, unequal distribution of resources - men get more resources than women, men’s and women’s tasks are valued differently). Two schools of thought: o Biological determinism (Nature) o Differential socialization (Nurture) Biological arguments are fundamental in most explanations of difference. For example: o Sex differences: Anatomical, hormonal, chemical, and physical differences between men and women o The challenge: There is a wide range of maleness and femaleness. Give examples. Why Different? Two schools of thought: Biological determinism (Nature) Differential socialization (Nurture) Differential socialization: Differences between men and women are based on their socialization.
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  • Fall '16
  • gender relations

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