exam 4.docx - Prototypes are especially important in the process of classifying objects In attempting to find and purchase high-quality cosmetics Megan

exam 4.docx - Prototypes are especially important in the...

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Prototypes are especially important in the process of classifying objects. In attempting to find and purchase high-quality cosmetics, Megan reminds herself that the most expensive brands are the best. Megan's self-reminder illustrates the use of a heuristic. Because he erroneously believes that older workers are not as motivated as younger workers to work hard, a factory foreman is especially vigilant for any signs of laziness among his senior workers. His supervision strategy best illustrates confirmation bias. When her professor failed to recognize that Judy had her hand raised for a question, Judy began to think her professor was unfriendly. Although she subsequently learned that the professor's limited vision kept him from seeing her raised hand, she continued thinking the professor was unfriendly. Judy's reaction best illustrates belief perseverance. We more quickly recognize that a blue jay is a bird than that a penguin is a bird because a blue jay more closely resembles our _ prototype_ of a bird. To find Tabasco sauce in a large grocery store, you could systematically search every shelf in every store aisle. This best illustrates problem solving by means of an algorithm. Unlike the use of algorithms or heuristics, insight does not involve strategy-based solutions. The easier it is for people to remember an instance in which they were betrayed by a friend, the more they expect such an event to recur. This best illustrates the impact of the availability heuristic .
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