theory journal - Social Theory Journals September 5th Marx...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Social Theory Journals September 5 th Marx rejected the majority of what the young Hegelians thought but accepted Feuerbach. The Young Hegelians believed that by changing ideas you could change human action. On the other hand Marx believed that all history and social relationships are created through human behavior, therefore human action cannot be changed by ideas or religion but only by human behavior itself. He believed the state was formed through social relationships and not a Spirit so it can also be changed by human action. Smith wrote “The Wealth of Nations” which said the “laws of the market” hold society together. He claimed people act out of self interest when they produce commodities for other members of society. Labor theory of value said the amount of time going into a product determines value. Engels claimed capitalism alienated people due to no sense of community. Private Property is bad. September 7 th Marx believed the proletarians would never have the opportunity to own or control private property. Due to this, they could only sell their labor to the capitalist. Eventually after the rate of profit fell due to efficient organization of
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
work and new technologies, competition would increase and the lower prices among capitalist would force them to lay off workers. With the lack of income proletarians would attack the capitalist system. This was avoided with the rise of labor unions, who Marx believed would have little success. The creation of the middle class and the ongoing growth of it are correlated with the expansion of the economy. These more skilled workers, that Marx never imagined, made up the majority of workers. This more upgraded worker had power that the proletarians didn’t when it came to wages and working conditions. September 10 th Marx looked at the worker as a commodity. The more wealth the worker produces for the capitalist, the cheaper his work becomes. The worker dedicates his life to producing an object and thus his life belongs to the object. When the worker appropriates or sets apart himself from the external world the more he deprives himself of means of life. Labor is external to the worker and is therefore only a means to satisfy needs external to the worker. This means the labor is forced labor. Private property is the product of alienated labor and the external relation of the worker to nature and himself.
Image of page 2
September 14 Commodities satisfy human wants. They can be measured in quality and quantity on socially recognized standards. As use-values commodities are measured in different qualities but as exchange values they are measures of different quantities. Therefore, use-value and exchange value are totally different and commodities can only be expressed as exchange values. Use value only has value because human labor has been put into it. This value is based off the quantity of the labor. The labor-time is a socially recognized value based on production time under normal conditions and average degree of skill.
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern