theory journal

theory journal - Social Theory Journals September 5 th Marx...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Social Theory Journals September 5 th Marx rejected the majority of what the young Hegelians thought but accepted Feuerbach. The Young Hegelians believed that by changing ideas you could change human action. On the other hand Marx believed that all history and social relationships are created through human behavior, therefore human action cannot be changed by ideas or religion but only by human behavior itself. He believed the state was formed through social relationships and not a Spirit so it can also be changed by human action. Smith wrote The Wealth of Nations which said the laws of the market hold society together. He claimed people act out of self interest when they produce commodities for other members of society. Labor theory of value said the amount of time going into a product determines value. Engels claimed capitalism alienated people due to no sense of community. Private Property is bad. September 7 th Marx believed the proletarians would never have the opportunity to own or control private property. Due to this, they could only sell their labor to the capitalist. Eventually after the rate of profit fell due to efficient organization of work and new technologies, competition would increase and the lower prices among capitalist would force them to lay off workers. With the lack of income proletarians would attack the capitalist system. This was avoided with the rise of labor unions, who Marx believed would have little success. The creation of the middle class and the ongoing growth of it are correlated with the expansion of the economy. These more skilled workers, that Marx never imagined, made up the majority of workers. This more upgraded worker had power that the proletarians didnt when it came to wages and working conditions. September 10 th Marx looked at the worker as a commodity. The more wealth the worker produces for the capitalist, the cheaper his work becomes. The worker dedicates his life to producing an object and thus his life belongs to the object. When the worker appropriates or sets apart himself from the external world the more he deprives himself of means of life. Labor is external to the worker and is therefore only a means to satisfy needs external to the worker. This means the labor is forced labor. Private property is the product of alienated labor and the external relation of the worker to nature and himself. September 14 Commodities satisfy human wants. They can be measured in quality and quantity on socially recognized standards. As use-values commodities are measured in different qualities but as exchange values they are measures of different quantities. Therefore, use-value and exchange value are totally different and commodities can only be expressed as exchange values. Use value only has value because human labor has been put into it. This value is based off the quantity of the labor. The labor-time is a socially recognized value based on production time under normal conditions and average degree of skill. conditions and average degree of skill....
View Full Document

Page1 / 25

theory journal - Social Theory Journals September 5 th Marx...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online