LET2019PROFED.docx - a b 2 1 Principal B tells her teachers that training in the humanities is most important To which educational philosophy does he

LET2019PROFED.docx - a b 2 1 Principal B tells her teachers...

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Unformatted text preview: a. b. 2. 1. Principal B tells her teachers that training in the humanities is most important. To which educational philosophy does he adhere? Existentialism c. Progressivism Perennialism d. Essentialism a. b. Principal C shares this thought with his teachers: "Subject matter should help students understand and appreciate themselves as unique individuals who accept complete responsibility for their thoughts, feelings, and actions." From which philosophy is this thought based? Perennialism c. Existentialism Essentialism d. Progressivism 3. a. b. To come closer to the truth we need to "go back to the things themselves." This is the advice of the behaviorists c. idealists phenomenologists d. pragmatists 4. a. b. Student B claims: "I cannot see perfection but I long for it. So it must be real." Under which group can he be classified? Idealist c. Realist Empiridst d. Pragmatist. 5. a. b. c. d. Which of the following prepositions is attributed to Plato? Truth is relative to a particular time and place Human beings create their own truths. Learning is the discovery of truth as Iatent ideas are brought to consciousness. Sense perception is the most accurate guide to knowledge. 6. a. b. On whose philosophy was A. S. Neil's Summerhill, one of the most experimental schools, based? Rousseau c. Montessori Pestalozzi d. John Locke 7. a. b. c. d. As a teacher, you are a rationalist. Which among these will be your guiding principle? I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of anything. I must teach the child to develop his mental powers to the full. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven. I must teach the child every knowledge, skill, and value that he needs for a better future. 8. a. b. Teacher U teaches to his pupils that pleasure is not the highest good. Teacher's teaching is against what philosophy? Realism c. Epicureanism Hedonism d. Empiricism 9. Who among the following puts more emphasis on core requirements, longer school day, longer academic year and more challenging textbooks? Perennialist c. Progressivist Essentialist d. Existentialist a. b. 10. Which group of philosophers maintain that "truth exists in an objective order that is independent of the knower"? a. Idealists c. Existentialists b. Pragmatists d. Realists 11. You arrive at knowledge by re-thinking of latent ideas. From whom does this thought come? a. Experimentalist c. Idealist b. Realist d. Existentialist 12. a. b. c. d. As a teacher, you are a reconstructionist. Which among these will be your guiding principle? I must teach the child every knowledge, skill, and value that he needs for a better future. I must teach the child to develop his mental powers to the full. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of anything. 13. Teacher B engages her students with information for thorough understanding for meaning and for competent application. Which principle governs Teacher B's practice? a. Contructivist c. Behaviorist b. Gestalt d. Cognitivist 14. Which is/are the sources of man's intellectual drives, according to Freud? a. Id c. Id and ego b. Superego d. Ego 15. Soc exhibits fear response to freely roaming dogs but does not show fear when a dog is on a leash or confined to a pen. Which conditioning process is illustrated a. Generalization c. Acquisition b. Extinction d. Discrimination 16. The concepts of trust vs. maturity, autonomy vs. self-doubt, and initiative vs. guilt are most closely related with the works of __________. a. Erikson b. Piaget c. Freud d. Jung 17. Teacher F is convinced that whenever a student performs a desired behavior, provided reinforcement and soon the student will learn to perform the behavior on his own. On which principle is Teacher F's conviction based? a. Cognitivism c. Behaviorism b. Environmentalism d. Constructivism 18. In a social studies class, Teacher I presents a morally ambiguous situation and asks his students what they would do. On whose theory is Teacher I's technique based? a. Kohlberg c. Piaget b. Bandura d. Bruner 19. Based on Freud's psychoanalytic theory which component(s) of personality is (are) concerned with a sense of right and wrong? a. Super-ego c. ld b. Super-ego and Ego d. Ego 20. Which does Naom Chomsky, assert about language learning for children? I. Young children learn and apply grammatical rules and vocabulary as they are exposed to them. II. Begin formal teaching of grammatical rules to children as early as possible. III. Do not require initial formal language teaching for children. a. I and III c. I only b. II only d. I and II 21. Which teaching activity is founded on Bandura's Social Learning Theory? a. Lecturing c. Questioning b. Modeling d. lnductive Reasoning 22. Behavior followed by pleasant consequences will be strengthened and will be more likely to occur in the future. Behavior followed by unpleasant consequences will be weakened and will be less likely to be repeated in the future. Which one is explained? a. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory b. Thorndike's Law of Effect c. B. F. Skinner's Operant Conditioning Theory d. Bandura's Social Learning Theory 23. Bruner's theory on intellectual development moves from enactive to iconic and symbolic stages. In which stage(s) are diagrams helpful to accompany verbal information? a. Enactive and iconic c. Symbolic and enactive b. Symbolic d. Iconic 24. In a treatment for alcoholism, Ramil was made to drink an alcoholic beverage and then made to ingest a drug that produces nausea. Eventually, he was nauseated at the sight and smell of alcohol and stopped drinking alcohoL Which theory explains this? a. Operant conditioning b. Social Learning Theory c. Associative Learning d. Attribution Theory 25. A mother gives his boy his favorite snack every time the boy cleans up his room. Afterwards, the boy cleaned his room everyday in anticipation of the snack. Which theory is illustrated? a. Associative Learning b. Classical Conditioning c. Operant Conditioning d. Pavlonian Conditioning 26. Researches conducted show that teacher's expectations of students become. Do not require initial formal language teaching for children self-fulfilling prophecies. What is this phenomenon called? a. Halo effect c. Ripple effect b. Pygmalion effect d. Hawthorne effect 27. a. b. c. d. What does extreme authoritarianism in the home reinforce in learners? Doing things on their own initiative Ability to direct themselves. Dependence on others for direction. Creativity in work. 28. Theft of school equipment like tv, computer, etc. by teenagers in the community itself is becoming a common phenomenon. What does this incident signify? a. Prevalence of poverty in the community. b. c. d. Inability of school to hire security guards. Deprivation of Filipino schools. Community's lack of sense of co-ownership. 29. A student passes a research report poorly written but ornately presented in a folder to make up for the poor quality of the book report content. Which Filipino trait does this practice prove? Emphasis on __________. a. art over academics b. substance over "porma" c. art over science d. "porma" over substance 30. Student Z does not study at all but when the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) comes, before he takes the LET, he spends one hour or more praying for a miracle, i.e. to pass the exam. Which attitude towards religion or God is displayed? a. Religion as fake b. Religion as magic c. Religion as authentic d. Religion as real 31. a. b. c. d. During the Spanish period, what was/were the medium/media of instruction in schools? The Vernacular English Spanish Spanish and the Vernacular 32. All subjects in Philippine elementary and secondary schools are expected to be taught using the integrated approach. This came about as a result of the implementation of _________. a. Program for Decentralized Education b. School-Based Management c. Basic Education Curriculum d. Schools First Initiative 33. Under which program were students who were not accommodated in public elementary and secondary schools because of lack of classroom, teachers, and instructional materials, were enrolled in private schools in their respective communities at the government's expense? a. Government Assistance Program b. Study Now-Pay Later c. Educational Service Contract System d. National Scholarship Program 34. What was the most prominent educational issue of the mid 1980s? a. Bilingual Education c. Accountability b. Values Education d. Mainstreaming 35. Availment of the Philippine Education Placement Test (PEPT) for adults and out-of-school youths is in support of the government’s educational program towards __________ a. equitable access c. quality and relevance b. quality d. relevance 36. a. b. c. d. The main purpose of compulsory study of the Constitution is to __________ develop students into responsible, thinking citizens acquaint students with the historical development of the Philippine Constitution make constitutional experts of the students prepare students for law-making 37. a. b. c. d. Which one may support equitable access but may sacrifice quality? Open admission School accreditation Deregulated tuition fee hike Selective retention 38. a. b. c. d. With which goals of educational institutions as provided for by the Constitution is the development of work skills aligned? To develop moral character To teach the duties of citizenship To inculcate love of country To develop vocational efficiency 39. a. b. c. Studies in the areas of neurosciences disclosed that the human brain has limitless capacity. What does this imply? Some pupils are admittedly not capable of learning. Every pupil has his own native ability and his learning is limited to this nativeabilty. Every child is a potential genius. d. Pupils can possibly reach a point where they have learned everything. 40. a. b. c. d. Based on Piaget's theory, what should a teacher provide for children in the concrete operational stage? Activities for hypothesis formulation. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and ordering. Games and other physical activities to develop motor skills. Stimulating environment with ample objects to play with. 41. a. b. c. d. Based on Piaget's theory, what should a teacher provide for children in the sensimotor stage? Games and other physical activities to develop motor skill. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and ordering. Activities for hypothesis formulation. Stimulating environment with ample objects to play with. 42. a. b. c. d. Which behavior is exhibited by a student who is strong in interpersonal intelligence? Works on his/her own. Keeps interest to himself/herself. Seeks out a classmate for help when problem occurs. Spends time meditating. 43. A sixth grade twelve-year old boy comes from a dysfunctional family and has been abused and neglected. He has been to two orphanages and three different elementary schools. The student can decode on the second grade level, but he can comprehend orally material at the fourth or fifth grade level. The most probable cause/s of this student's reading problem is/are __________. a. emotional factors c. neurological factors b. poor teaching d. immaturity 44. A child who gets punished for stealing candy may not steal again immediately. But this does not mean that the child may not steal again. Based on Thorndike's theory on punishment and learning, this shows that __________ a. punishment strengthens a response b. punishment removes a response c. punishment does not remove a response d. punishment weakens a response 45. a. b. c. d. It is not wise to laugh at a two-year old child when he utters bad word because in his stage he is learning to __________. consider other's views distinguish sex differences socialize distinguish right from wrong 46. a. b. c. d. John Watson said: "Men are built not born." What does this statement point to? The ineffectiveness of training on a person's development. The effect of environmental stimulation on a person's development. The absence of genetic influence on a person's development. The effect of heredity. 47. a. b. c. d. Which types of play is most characteristic of a four to six-year old child? Solitary and onlooker plays Associative and cooperative plays Associative and onlooker plays Cooperative and solitary plays 48. a. b. c. d. All of the following describe the development of children aged eleven to thirteen EXCEPT __________. they shift from impulsivity to adaptive ability sex differences in IQ becomes more evident they exhibit increase objectivity in thinking they show abstract thinking and judgment 49. Rodel is very aloof and cold in his relationships with his classmates. Which basic goal must have not been attained by Rodel during his developmental years, according to Erikson's theory on psychological development? a. Autonomy c. Initiative b. Trust d. Generativity 50. Ruben is very attached to his mother and Ruth to her father. In what developmental stage are they according to Freudian psychological theory? a. Oedipal stage c. Annal stage b. Latent stage d. Pre-genital stage Answer Key: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. a c a d c a b b b d a a d c d b c b b d d c b c d b b d d b d c d a a a a d c b a c c c a b b a b a 51. Which assumption underlies the teacher's use of performance objectives? a. Not every form of learning is observable. b. Performance objectives assure the learner of learning. c. Learning is defined as a change in the learner's observable performance. d. The success of learner is based on teacher performance. 52. The principle of individual differences requires teachers to __________. a. give greater attention to gifted learners b. provide for a variety of learning activities c. treat all learners alike while in the classroom d. prepare modules for slow learners in class 53. In instructional planning it is necessary that the parts of the plan from the first to the last have __________. a. clarity c. coherence b. symmetry d. conciseness 54. A goal-oriented instruction culminates in __________. a. planning of activities c. identification of topics b. evaluation d. formulation of objectives 55. A teacher's summary of a lesson serves the following functions, EXCEPT a. it links the parts of the lesson b. lt brings together the information that has been discussed c. it makes provisions for full participation of students. d. it clinches the basic ideas or concepts of the lesson. 56. In Krathwohl's affective domain of objectives, which of the following is the lowest level of affective behavior? a. Valuing c. Responding b. Characterization d. Organization 57. The following are used in writing performance objectives, EXCEPT a. delineate c. integrate b. diagram d. comprehend 58. If a teacher plans a constructivist lesson, what will he most likely do? Plan how he can a. do evaluate his students' work b. do reciprocal teaching c. lecture to his students d. engage his students in convergent thinking 59. In mastery learning, the definition of an acceptable standard of performance is called a a. SMART c. behavior b. criterion measure d. condition 60. The primary objective of my lesson is: "To add similar fractions correctly." Before I can do this I must first aim at this specific objective: "To distinguish a numerator from a nominator." What kind of objective is the latter? a. Major c. Enabling b. Terminal d. Primary 61. Which behavioral term describes a lesson outcome in the highest level of Bloom's cognitive domain? a. Create c. Analyze b. Evaluate d. Design 62. As a teacher, what do you do when you engage yourself in major task analysis? a. Test if learning reached higher level thinking skills. b. Breakdown a complex task into sub-skills. c. Determine the level of thinking involved. d. Revise lesson objectives. 63. Teacher G's lesson objective has something to do with the skill of synthesizing? Which behavioral term is most appropriate? a. Test c. Appraise b. Assess d. Theorize 64. In Krathwohl's taxonomy of objectives in the affective, which is most authentic? a. Characterization c. Responding b. Organization d. Valuing 65. "A stitch on time saves nine", so goes the adage.. Applied to classroom management, this means that we __________ a. may not occupy ourselves with disruptions which are worth ignoring because they are minor b. must be reactive in our approach to discipline c. have to resolve minor disruptions before they are out of control d. may apply 9 rules out of 10 consistently 66. How can you exhibit referent power on the first day of school? a. By making them feel you know what you are talking about. b. By telling them the importance of good grades. c. By reminding your students your authority over them again and again. d. By giving your students a sense of belonging and acceptance. 67. Teacher B clears his throat to communicate disapproval of a student's behavior. Which specific influence technique is this? a. Signal interference c. Interest boosting b. Direct appeal d. Proximity control 68. How can you exhibit expert power on the first day of school? a. By making them feel you know what you are talking about. b. By making them realize the importance of good grades. c. By reminding them your students your authority over them again and again. d. By giving your students a sense of belonging and acceptance. 69. Teacher H strives to draw participation of every student into her classroom discussion. Which student's need is she trying to address? The need __________ a. to show their oral abilities to the rest of the class b. to be creative c. to feel significant and be part of a group d. to get everything out in the open 70. Which is a sound classroom management practice? a. Avoid establishing routines; routines make your student robots. b. Establish routines for all daily needs and tasks. c. Apply rules and policies on a case to case basis. d. Apply reactive approach to discipline. 71. An effective classroom manager uses low-profile classroom control. Which is a low-profile classroom technique? a. Note to parents b. After-school detention c. Withdrawal of privileges d. Raising the pitch of the voice 72. Which is one characteristic of an effective classroom management? a. It quickly and unobtrusively redirects misbehavior once it occurs. b. It teaches dependence on others for self-control. c. It respects cultural norms of a limited group students. d. Strategies are simple enough to be used consistently. 73. How can you exhibit legitimate power on the first day of school? a. By making your students feel they are accepted for who they are. b. By informing them you are allowed to act in loco parentis. c. By making them realize the importance of good grade d. By making them feel you have mastery of subject matter. 74. With-it-ness, according to Kounin, is one of the characteristics of an effective classroom manager. Which phrase goes with it? a. Have hands that write fast. b. Have eyes on the back of your heads. c. Have a mouth ready to speak. d. Have minds packed with knowledge. 75. Which is an appropriate way to manage off-task behavior a. Make eye contact. b. Stop your class activity to correct a child who is no longer on task. c. Move closer to the child. d. Redirect a child's attention to task and check his progress to make sure he is continuing to work. 76. Referring to Teacher S, Nicolle describes her teacher as "fair, caring and someone you can talk to." Which power or leadership does Teacher S have? a. Referent power c. Reward power b. Legitimate power d. Expert power 77. Research tells that teachers ask mostly content questions. Which of the following terms does NOT refer to content question? a. Closed c. Concept b. Direct d. Convergent 78. Read the following then answer the question: TEACHER: IN WHAT WAYS OTHER THAN THE P...
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