Social psychology Test 1

Social psychology Test 1 - Social psychology Test 1-social...

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Social psychology Test 1 -social psychology- the scientific study of how people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by other people. Involves: 1. Description- careful and reliable observation. 2. explanation- development of theories that connect and organize observations -Major Theoretical Perspectives 1. Sociocultural- a theoretical viewpoint that searches for the causes of social behavior in influences from lager social groups 2. Evolutionary- a theoretical viewpoint that searches for the causes of social behavior in the physical and psychological predispositions that helped our ancestors survive and reproduce 3. Social learning- a theoretical viewpoint that focuses on past learning experiences as determinants of a person’s social behaviors 4. Social Cognitive Perspective- -Social behavior is Goal-Oriented -categorize social goals into fundamental motives -The interaction between the person and the situation -by person psychologist mean the features or characteristics -How psychologist study social behavior -Descriptive methods involve attempts to measure or record behaviors, thoughts, or feelings in their natural state. -Experimental method- involves attempts to manipulate social processes by varying some aspect of the situation -Descriptive Methods, five major types 1. Naturalistic observation 2. Case studies 3. archives 4. Surveys 5. Psychological test -Experimental Methods- research method in which the researcher sets out to systematically manipulate one source 1. Laboratory experiments 2. Field experiments 3. internal/external validity 4. random assignment 5. confound -Ethical issues 1. obtaining informed consent
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2. Fully debriefing subjects after research is complete 3. evaluating the cost and benefits of the research procedures -The Person -Motivation- what drives us -Knowledge- our view of the world -Feelings- attitudes, emotions, and moods
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