philfinalstudy

philfinalstudy - -What is moral relativism? There is truth...

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-What is moral relativism? There is truth in ethics, but it is essentially relative to cultures or historical periods. In other words, there are no universal moral truths, or no universally legitimate moral claims or principles. ..no true objective moral standards by which universally to judge people's actions across different cultures or times. - How does moral relativism differ from other claims it is often confused with? What Moral Relativism is NOT: * Moral relativism is NOT just the obvious anthropological or sociological claim that people's beliefs about what's right and wrong Vary across cultures and times; nor is moral relativism entailed by that fact. * Moral relativism is NOT just the obvious claim that moral judgments cannot be proven scientifically, nor is it entailed by that fact. * Moral relativism is NOT just the obvious claim that moral rules often have exceptions based on special circumstances; nor does this entail moral relativism. * Moral relativism is NOT just the obvious claim that people are not always to be blamed for their objectionable moral views, nor does that entail moral relativism. * Moral relativism is NOT just the obvious claim that each of us ultimately has to decide for himself or herself what to believe about right and wrong, given our best available evidence; nor does this entail moral relativism. * Moral relativism is NOT just the obvious claim that everyone has a right to his or her own opinion, and different moral views and practices should be tolerated, at least within reason, and we shouldn't all go around trying to force our views upon others; nor does such a respect for tolerance entail moral relativism. In fact, you CAN'T properly defend the value of tolerance if you're really a moral relativist! * Moral relativism is NOT just the obvious claim that we should be humble enough to recognize that we certainly don't have all the answers, and are almost certainly mistaken in some aspects of our moral outlook; nor does this sort of humility entail moral relativism. The call for humility is perfectly compatible with the possibility of objective, non-relative truth. * Moral relativism is NOT just the obvious claim that there are many equally good ways to organize one's life or a society; nor is it entailed by that claim. Those of us who reject moral relativism are only committed to some moral truths that hold across cultures and times, and that's perfectly compatible with value pluralism. ..the idea that there is still plenty of room for legitimate variation, where morality gives us leeway to live according to our various cultural and personal tastes and preferences. - What is psychological egoism? is the claim that all human actions are motivated (and can only be motivated) ultimately by selfish desires or self-interest How might one respond to Lincoln's psychological egoist claim (pigs) ? Lincoln claims that when the man passes the drowning pigs, the man helps the
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philfinalstudy - -What is moral relativism? There is truth...

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