Criminology Study Guide 2

Criminology Study Guide 2 - Criminology Study Guide 2...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Criminology Study Guide 2 Chapter 12 1. Three groups of property criminals during the 18 th century: 1. Skilled thieves - typically worked in the larger cities, such as London and Paris. This group included pickpockets, forgers, and counterfeiters, who operated freely. They congregated in flash houses - public meeting places, often taverns that served as headquarters for gangs. Here, deals were made, crimes were plotted, and the sale of stolen goods was negotiated. 2. Smugglers - were the second group of thieves. They moved freely in sparsely populated areas and transported goods, such as spirits, gems, gold, and spices, without bothering to pay tax or duty 3. Poachers - The third type of thief, typically lived in the country and supplemented their diet and income with game that belonged to a landlord. 2. Situational inducement - opportunity to commit property crime. Short-term influences on a person’s behavior that increase risk-taking. Not a cause but an occasion for crime. 3. typical forms of professional theft 1. pocket-picking 2. burglary 3. shoplifting 4. forgery and counterfeiting 5. extortion 6. sneak theft 7. confidence swindling 4. 5. Sutherland’s typology of Professional Thieves -Pickpocket (cannon) -Sneak thief from stores, banks, and offices (heel) -Shoplifter (booster) -Jewel thief who substitutes fake gems fro real ones (pennyweighter) -Thief who steals from hotel rooms (hotel prowl) -Confidence game artist (con artist) -Thief in rackets related to confidence games -Forger -Extortionist from those engaging in illegal acts (shakedown artist) 6. professional fence - earns a living solely by buying and reselling stolen merchandise. 7. associational fence- amateur fences who barter stolen goods for services 8. Booster- professional shoplifters who derive the majority of their income from shoplifting, aka heels. Snitch- majority o shoplifters that are amateur pilferers. Usually respectable persons who do not conceive of themselves as thieves but are systematic shoplifters who steal merchandise for their own use. 9. Target removal - strategies that involve putting dummy or disabled goods on display while the “real” merchandise is kept under lock and key.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Target hardening - strategies that involve locking goods in place or having them monitored by electronic systems. 10. Five categories of auto theft transactions 1. Joyriding- Many car thefts are motivated by teenagers’ desire to acquire the power, prestige, sexual potency, and recognition associated with an automobile. Joyriders do not steal cars for profit or gain but to experience, even briefly, the benefits associated with owning an automobile. 2. Short-term transportation- Auto theft for short-term transportation is most similar to joyriding. It involves the theft of a car simply to go from pone place to another. In more serious cases, the thief may drive to another city or state and then steal another car to continue the journey.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '05
  • JEHawdon
  • theft, auto theft, Adult predatory drug, predatory drug users, Profit- auto theft, transportation- Auto theft

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern