Criminology Study Guide 2

Criminology Study Guide 2 - Criminology Study Guide 2...

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Criminology Study Guide 2 Chapter 12 1. Three groups of property criminals during the 18 th century: 1. Skilled thieves - typically worked in the larger cities, such as London and Paris. This group included pickpockets, forgers, and counterfeiters, who operated freely. They congregated in flash houses - public meeting places, often taverns that served as headquarters for gangs. Here, deals were made, crimes were plotted, and the sale of stolen goods was negotiated. 2. Smugglers - were the second group of thieves. They moved freely in sparsely populated areas and transported goods, such as spirits, gems, gold, and spices, without bothering to pay tax or duty 3. Poachers - The third type of thief, typically lived in the country and supplemented their diet and income with game that belonged to a landlord. 2. Situational inducement - opportunity to commit property crime. Short-term influences on a person’s behavior that increase risk-taking. Not a cause but an occasion for crime. 3. typical forms of professional theft 1. pocket-picking 2. burglary 3. shoplifting 4. forgery and counterfeiting 5. extortion 6. sneak theft 7. confidence swindling 4. 5. Sutherland’s typology of Professional Thieves -Pickpocket (cannon) -Sneak thief from stores, banks, and offices (heel) -Shoplifter (booster) -Jewel thief who substitutes fake gems fro real ones (pennyweighter) -Thief who steals from hotel rooms (hotel prowl) -Confidence game artist (con artist) -Thief in rackets related to confidence games -Forger -Extortionist from those engaging in illegal acts (shakedown artist) 6. professional fence - earns a living solely by buying and reselling stolen merchandise. 7. associational fence- amateur fences who barter stolen goods for services 8. Booster- professional shoplifters who derive the majority of their income from shoplifting, aka heels. Snitch- majority o shoplifters that are amateur pilferers. Usually respectable persons who do not conceive of themselves as thieves but are systematic shoplifters who steal merchandise for their own use. 9. Target removal - strategies that involve putting dummy or disabled goods on display while the “real” merchandise is kept under lock and key.
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Target hardening - strategies that involve locking goods in place or having them monitored by electronic systems. 10. Five categories of auto theft transactions 1. Joyriding- Many car thefts are motivated by teenagers’ desire to acquire the power, prestige, sexual potency, and recognition associated with an automobile. Joyriders do not steal cars for profit or gain but to experience, even briefly, the benefits associated with owning an automobile. 2. Short-term transportation- Auto theft for short-term transportation is most similar to joyriding. It involves the theft of a car simply to go from pone place to another. In more serious cases, the thief may drive to another city or state and then steal another car to continue the journey. 3. Long-term transportation- Thieves who steal cars for long-term transportation
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Criminology Study Guide 2 - Criminology Study Guide 2...

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