ETHICS TERM PAPER - ETHICS TERM PAPER Alexis Palmquist...

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Alexis Palmquist Intro to Ethics 12-5-07 ETHICS TERM PAPER Professor: I did the best I could; picked a philosopher , and settled on a specific line of thought and hopefully it’s something like what you were looking for . While I was reading the chapter in our book on Bernard Williams , I read some things that , surprisingly enough I A) understood , and B) agreed with . Williams says that he is “unconvinced by philosophical attempts to ground or justify morality against the immoralist , the amoralist , or the person who calls himself the ethical skeptic . When I heard this strong pronunciation by Williams , my thoughts were immediately pulled all the way back to the first day of class , when we discussed abortion . Some people argued from religious perspectives , some people from simple logic , some from a strong mix of both . Because of this , here was a wide class range of opinions on the subject , but as far as I knew or could tell , no one’s opinion was actually changed by any arguments . And I think this can be readily explained by Williams’ theory . You cannot , for instance , convince an atheist of the reason to not have an abortion by using a religious argument . They will not understand the theory or reason behind the
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argument . As Williams explains , “If someone does not have such wants [to be moral , or in our case , religious] there is nothing a philosophical [religious] argument can do to plant them in him or show that he must have them . This is goes along with the line of thought that people must find God on their own , they must be led to religion through their own desires . It is similar with ethical values . People , Williams says , are either born with them , or they are not . He believes that , as Joseph Bulter did (at least partially) that there is a natural motivation to abide by ethical standards , that is born into us and that drive what most human beings want to do or wish to accomplish . However , as previously stated , Williams says that if someone is , for whatever reason , not born with these innate feelings , that there is nothing to do to create or even improvise them . Williams does make a note , that if we feel it is necessary , we can use nonethical/philosophical arguments to bring people to acceptable societal/mental/ emotional standards . Or , if this doesn’t work or is not a desirable option , we can simply rely on people to act acceptably and abide by our norms without question , because they will just regard it as the way to act to be accepted .
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