Lecture_Notes_CVD_07 - HNF 150 P Thurston Fall 2007 Lecture...

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HNF 150 Fall 2007 P Thurston Lecture Notes Outline Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease (Definition): disease of the _____________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Also called _____________________________ __________________ and _______________ are the most common types of CVD- they often occur together and together can cause very serious and life threatening illness Hypertension : high blood pressure 1. 2. Atherosclerosis Disease characterized by a hardening of the ____________________________ Characterized by _______________ = soft fatty streaks on the inner walls of arteries, especially at the ________________________ Possible consequences of atherosclerosis : 1. 2. __________________ = stationary clot __________________ = stationary clot that has cut off the blood vessel __________________ = clot that breaks free and travels __________________ = when embolus become trapped in a smaller blood vessel Consequences of an Embolism : If a clot travels and gets lodged in a smaller vessel, all of the tissue ‘downstream’ of the clot are at risk for _______________________ and eventual _____________ unless blood flow is ____________________. Functions of Cholesterol : 1. Used by glands to synthesize ________________, such as ______________________ 2. Liver uses cholesterol to produce _____________ 3. Main component of _______________________ and ___________________ - 1 -
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HNF 150 Fall 2007 P Thurston Lecture Notes Outline Roles of Lipoproteins 1. Transport ________________________________ _________________ 2. Transport ________________________________ Liver will synthesize triglycerides IF : 1. Eat too much_____________________ 2. Increased levels of blood _______________________ (from diet) 3. Consume ______________________ 4. Increased ___________________, decreased _______________________ - 2 -
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