History 17A-Midterm.pdf - History 17A Midterm The American Promise \u2013 Chapter 2(pg 23-46 Norse(Vikings \u2022 Crossed North Atlantic AD 1000 \u2022 Founded

History 17A-Midterm.pdf - History 17A Midterm The American...

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History 17A: Midterm The American Promise – Chapter 2 (pg. 23-46) Norse(Vikings) Crossed North Atlantic AD 1000. Founded fishing village @ L`Anse aux Meadows (Tip of Newfoundland). Lasted about a decade (The climate cooled). Portuguese Explorers: Dias & Da Gama Dias: Sailed around the Cape of Good Hope @ Southern tip of Africa. Said it was possible to sail on to India and China. Da Gama: Prepared for 10 years, then sailed to India. Portugal capitalized of new sea route. Early XVI Portuguese controlled commercial empire: India, Indonesia, & China (East Indies). Sea route eliminated overland travel = lower prices on goods imported. Columbus Voyages for Spain, Tainos & Treaty of Tordesillas Columbus: 1492: Gained financing for voyage from Queen Isabella and Kind Ferdinand. Small fleet: Caravels: The nina, Pinta and Large Vessel: The Santa Maria. Six weeks after leaving Canary Islands, he landed on a tiny Caribbean Island (300 mi. north of Cuba). He claimed possession of the island and named it San Salvador Islanders: “Indians," but the islanders called themselves Tainos (good or noble). Thought Tainos believed Spaniards came from heaven, but they didn’t understand each other, hence the perceptions of each other was colored by their culture. Became part of the nobility, title: “Admiral of the Ocean Sea” 1493: Sailed once again with 17 ships and +1000 men who wanted to locate Asian mainland, find gold and get rich. Returned in 1498 & 1502. Other explorers wanted to find passage to the East or profit. Hopeless about finding Asia before Portuguese, and hoards of gold. Dead: 1506 Tainos: Tainos were agricultural (Cassava, cotton, corn, tobacco, crops). Went around naked, and worshipped gods (Zemis-spirits who inhabited objects such as trees and stones). They had no riches. Some brought to Spain were baptized (king was their godfather) Treaty of Tordesillas: Spain became a serious challenger to Portugal (explorers had not yet sailed to India or China) Monarchs went to the pope to support claim of new lands of the west Portuguese feared that the recent discovered territories would be in jeopardy, so the Spanish monarchs and Portuguese negotiated the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494. The treaty drew an imaginary line hundred miles west of the Canary Islands. West of line: Spain, East: Portugal (African and east Indian trading empire). English: John Cabot & The Northwest Passage 1497: King Henry VII of England sent Cabot to look for Northwest Passage to the indies across the North Atlantic. Reached tip of Newfoundland, which he thought was part of Asia, went back to England, assembled small fleet, and sailed west in 1498, disappeared. Amerigo Vespucci Italian Businessman, landed on the northern coast of South America in 1499.
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History 17A: Midterm Magellan Expedition to circumnavigate the globe in 1519. Sponsored by Spain First arrived to New World Southern tip of South America, and into the pacific.
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