History 17A: Midterm The American Promise – Chapter 2 (pg. 23-46) Norse(Vikings) • Crossed North Atlantic AD 1000. • Founded fishing village @ L`Anse aux Meadows (Tip of Newfoundland). • Lasted about a decade (The climate cooled). Portuguese Explorers: Dias & Da Gama Dias: • Sailed around the Cape of Good Hope @ Southern tip of Africa. • Said it was possible to sail on to India and China. Da Gama: • Prepared for 10 years, then sailed to India. • Portugal capitalized of new sea route. • Early XVI Portuguese controlled commercial empire: India, Indonesia, & China (East Indies). • Sea route eliminated overland travel = lower prices on goods imported. Columbus Voyages for Spain, Tainos & Treaty of Tordesillas Columbus: • 1492: Gained financing for voyage from Queen Isabella and Kind Ferdinand. • Small fleet: Caravels: The nina, Pinta and Large Vessel: The Santa Maria. • Six weeks after leaving Canary Islands, he landed on a tiny Caribbean Island (300 mi. north of Cuba). • He claimed possession of the island and named it San Salvador • Islanders: “Indians," but the islanders called themselves Tainos (good or noble). • Thought Tainos believed Spaniards came from heaven, but they didn’t understand each other, hence the perceptions of each other was colored by their culture. • Became part of the nobility, title: “Admiral of the Ocean Sea” • 1493: Sailed once again with 17 ships and +1000 men who wanted to locate Asian mainland, find gold and get rich. • Returned in 1498 & 1502. • Other explorers wanted to find passage to the East or profit. • Hopeless about finding Asia before Portuguese, and hoards of gold. • Dead: 1506 Tainos: • Tainos were agricultural (Cassava, cotton, corn, tobacco, crops). • Went around naked, and worshipped gods (Zemis-spirits who inhabited objects such as trees and stones). They had no riches. • Some brought to Spain were baptized (king was their godfather) Treaty of Tordesillas: • Spain became a serious challenger to Portugal (explorers had not yet sailed to India or China) • Monarchs went to the pope to support claim of new lands of the west • Portuguese feared that the recent discovered territories would be in jeopardy, so the Spanish monarchs and Portuguese negotiated the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494. • The treaty drew an imaginary line hundred miles west of the Canary Islands. West of line: Spain, East: Portugal (African and east Indian trading empire). English: John Cabot & The Northwest Passage • 1497: King Henry VII of England sent Cabot to look for Northwest Passage to the indies across the North Atlantic. • Reached tip of Newfoundland, which he thought was part of Asia, went back to England, assembled small fleet, and sailed west in 1498, disappeared. Amerigo Vespucci • Italian Businessman, landed on the northern coast of South America in 1499.
History 17A: Midterm Magellan • Expedition to circumnavigate the globe in 1519. Sponsored by Spain • First arrived to New World Southern tip of South America, and into the pacific.
- Fall '16
- Carlos Mujal
- Native Americans in the United States, Indigenous peoples of the Americas