Week Two - Week Two(Jan 22 24 Japan's Modern Revolutions...

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Week Two (Jan 22 & 24) 22/01/2008 14:32:00 January 22, 2008 Japan’s Modern Revolutions The Tokugawa Period “Industrious Revolution” o Pre-modern economic growth: causes and consequences Edo—Tokyo Trade Literacy Roads Agricultural Production Small Inventions o Threshing Rice Using Senbakoki o Bi-Employment Rice and Cotton o Applying fertilizer to rice field Ash Dried Fish Night soil (human excrement) Population o The unequal distribution of economic grain  Geographically Large cities declined---subsidiary areas grow Class/Status Middle Class gain---elite loses out The Meiji Restoration (causes and Consequences) o Samurai Discontent
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Low-ranking samurai Outside (tozama) domains Long traditions of independence Increased dissatisfaction with shogunal leadership Domestic affairs Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs become Domestic Affairs Anti-Foreign violence by radical, young, low- ranking samurai in 1860’s By mid-1860’s, domain-level leadership  developing among low-to middle-ranking samurai 1866: Choshu amd Satuma sign secret past to  overthrow shogunate  1866: Choshu defeat shogunate armies End of 1867-early 1868 First opium Wars 1839-42 China “carved up like a melon”
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