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Unformatted text preview: Week Two (Jan 22 & 24) 22/01/2008 14:32:00 January 22, 2008 Japans Modern Revolutions The Tokugawa Period Industrious Revolution o Pre-modern economic growth: causes and consequences EdoTokyo Trade Literacy Roads Agricultural Production Small Inventions o Threshing Rice Using Senbakoki o Bi-Employment Rice and Cotton o Applying fertilizer to rice field Ash Dried Fish Night soil (human excrement) Population o The unequal distribution of economic grain Geographically Large cities declined---subsidiary areas grow Class/Status Middle Class gain---elite loses out The Meiji Restoration (causes and Consequences) o Samurai Discontent Low-ranking samurai Outside (tozama) domains Long traditions of independence Increased dissatisfaction with shogunal leadership Domestic affairs Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs become Domestic Affairs Anti-Foreign violence by radical, young, low- ranking samurai in 1860s By mid-1860s, domain-level leadership developing among low-to middle-ranking samurai 1866: Choshu amd Satuma sign secret past to overthrow shogunate 1866: Choshu defeat shogunate armies End of 1867-early 1868 First opium Wars 1839-42...
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- Spring '08