Week Eight - Week Eight(March 4 6 March 4 2008 Take Home...

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Week Eight (March 4 & 6) 04/03/2008 14:34:00 March 4, 2008 Take Home Essay Due next TUESDAY  From last week: Japan and WWI and the international treaty system Japan and the post-WWI international system Gains from little involvement o Paris Peace Conference, 1919 Mix between positive gains (seat on counsel of league of  nations recognition of holdings) and negative gains (delegates  failed to achieve the racial equality clause for non-white power) Treaty of Versailles League of nations May 4, 1919 Part of china claimed by Japan and there’re riots o Washington Conference, 1921-22 Shidehara Kijuro, Foreign minister Limiting Japan’s Naval strength against the Main Powers Japan gives up control over Shandong Peninsula   o Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1929 Renounces war as a means to settle international issues  o London Naval Treaty, 1930 New Naval Limitations 
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Moving towards cooperative stance towards international affairs  Internationalism and domestic policies  Universal Suffrage Law, 1925 Any male may vote over the age of 24 (expands by 4x) Nationalism, Militarism, and Expansionism in the Early 20 th  Century Nationalism as Antidote to internationalism Peace Preservation Law, 1925 o Counter Democratic Affect of Suffrage o Gave domestic police the right to arrest at will, anyone or group that  attacked the system or private property (rioters, communist, left)  Protect the kokutai  The Growth of right-wing conservatism The composition of the right wing: Tends to be mix of official and unofficial  military and civilian… anti-left… anti-west… pro-expansionism o Divide between haves and have nots Econ benefits form WW1 went to large businesses  Sympathizes with poor o Left; State is to blame o Right; Military can help (push expansionism) Target lower middle-class and rural population   o Civilian Patriotic organizations Home Ministry (domestic police, all domestic state sponsored  activities) Late Meiji Institutions
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Youth Associations so they don’t become affected  by the socialist movement Kokusuikai (national Essence Society) 1919 Anti-labor Anti- union Attack on left through strike breaking  Kokuhonsha (national Foundation Society) Gather beurocrats and have meeting and  exchange ideas to combat the decline of  traditional morality  o The domestic Police Crack down of left Special Higher Police (Tokkotai) Control Subversive societies  Reactions to the Great Kanto Earthquake, Sept 1923  (100k ppl) Vigil-anti civilian groups Kill 6k ppl Police turned a blind eye to the murder of Koreans and  socialist groups 
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