Chapter 11 - Pastoral Peoples on the Global StageI. Mongol BeginningsA. Even as tensions with war rose, people still turned to religion as a form of stress relief.B. Mongolia was a small country, in between two huge countries, Russia and China.C. The founder of Mongolia, Chinggis Khan, is still celebrated to this day for his leadership.D. Though small and unnoticeable at first, the Mongols left an impact on the world with theirpastoralism. II. Looking Back and Looking Around: The Long History of Pastoral PeoplesA. People began to domesticate both animals and plants.B. The World of Pastoral Societies1. Pastoral civilizations were usually smaller and less developed than others.2. Pastoral societies developed during time of conquest and disease.3. Women had a bigger and more equal role in society.4. Scholars from other nearby civilizations questioned the equality of women in these places.5. People in pastoral societies were nomadic.6. These people couldn’t live without the help of others, however, so trade was big.7. Animals were very important to the pastoral people.8. In most cases, pastoral societies were small because they didn’t have militaries to expand.9. Many looked to the civilizations around them for cultural traits, such as religions.10.One of the biggest advancements of these people was horseback riding.C. Before the Mongols: Pastoralists in History1. The Mongols were a pastoral people who rode on horseback, giving them a military advantedge. 2. Pastoral groups in the area of the Mongolian steppes were good fighters.