Week Three - Week Three(Jan 29 31 Making a Nation State and...

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Week Three (Jan 29 & 31) 29/01/2008 14:26:00 January 29, 2008 Making a Nation: State and Citizen in the Meiji Period Concepts and practices of a new nation The Meiji leaders and the shaping of a new state o The concepts The public The people  Nation Citizen Society  o Moving the capitol o What role should the leaders play o Emperor  Role?? Just figure head??? o Not in agreement  Range from: Saigo Takamori (1828-77), Stsuma domain No significant changes Diyma should have more power Ito Hirobumi (1841-1909), Chosho domain
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First prime minister Believed that Japan had to throw off all the  vestiges of the old state… recreate a new  government for a new nation Okuma Shienobu Yamagata Aritomo Iwakura Tomomi, imperial court noble Not comfortable with change on the western  modern Okubo tosh Reading the “charter Oath” (April, 1868) of the new Meiji government o Not a constitution o Very broad and vague statement about what the new government  envisions for Japan’s future 5 Points  Democratic Inclusive Internationalist  “Public Discussion”  Narrow View of “public” Public Authority  Discussion among elite From samurai to imperial statesmen Reviving the Taiho Codes (721 C.E.) as the basis for the  new government The office of Shinto Affairs (Jingikan)
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o Superior in theory The Grand Council of State (Dajokan) Return to classical court nomenclature Elevating the Emperor  Principle of personal rule by the Emperor  Dereguarding the people Tradition of kanson minpi (revere the rulers,  despise the people) Articulation the rights and duties of the “common people (Art. 3) “the common people… shall each be allowed to pursue  his own calling so that there may be no discontent.”
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