Nov 15 sec 2 - Th Ia'lics‘l‘ homlnlfl Cerrtral Chad In...

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Unformatted text preview: Th. Ia'lics‘l‘ homlnlfl Cerrtral Chad In 2002 M. Drum? and colleagues described WW Fla‘l'omflnsmmdfm mud-rim". Mar“ me common :1an of chimps and humans? The Mint hominln oorrl'. am» W: (any - Karyn Argucdnbcbipldnlbmdon profimlfmmfomy Also has a m" comm. Might bc a hominin - addi'floml Mail I: nodal to clarify If: Minimal-f nloflonship. I W / P. W P. W Home My, \/ P. «m A. ufi-Icm A. win” A plausible. phylogeny for Ptioccna homirdm up: 1mm.” “antiwar-q: .«num—m W Wall: die? Teeth: some are rather olmilar 9a chimps. other: are more similar to ply: How about material ufl‘lura? Etrllu'l' know stone tools date fo 2.5-2.6my and on from Ethiopia. “The stone tools consist of broken cobbles deliberately modified for making slmple knife-Ilka flakes used for mug up animal carcasses and Hannah; for sharpening dlgglng stick! to dig up cutlery-amid food Hams. such as when." Siloslul 5cm (Nov. 21, 2003} 1H Hawdidhlnansbecomhman? Orwhymweleunmandnotope? Umbrella Theories have often beendevolopod to mow Such theofiuexplolnamulflmdeof unique feahres of modemhmasthemmofosingleodopfive breakthrough. " The “l-luntlng Hypothesis The “Seed-eating Hypothesis” The “Hunting Hypothesis" was the dominant exploration 0f human evolution from about 1950 to 1980. Raymond Dart and the Osteodantokmtic Culture Osteo --- bone Dorrie --- 1‘00‘l’l‘l Keratic - ham or antler Dar? developed his hypothesis about this tool industry based on excavations at the Pliocene site of Mokaponsgat Remains of o dozen or so Amquom‘iews. about 7000 additional mammal fossils and no stone tools. HHH Tm Fla I4. Th: bmkln diILII and al' I fossil unnlnpn mam [mum [he ”-1:me my hfle‘lh um In ”Mann: {new I! I dpgfirrm I teal [or flu 3nd :uh‘ Hill. of IIil‘lil or m sum Idy broken Ind poinled [bum Inn-:1. ll. :‘ l—IHII1WH MW 10 Tm FIG. 23.. The late of l fossil md‘bmk (EL-dam 51:. M. 14) from the Ma gamut any branch pad to dawn- stratn the mbbing brush aflactivcnesa of l entire mingle min: I: a manner when unrated from the met at tho sku ; and In “lustful: haw 1h: upper jaw: of oxen mm used in the Hiltorfic Cave in MIhmsyt Villa)! and m :till lasing used turdny by South African Bum: who {ctr sci-lying Ilm'ls [compare Figs. 33. 39 ‘0). Mb II-Ul II mall I- "I “I ' r mml .m lmh ”nun-m 1.73.323!) .mgmmummw "‘ 'h.....n.¢ hung..." l 11 1m p» a. 1-». non Hr "r m. t...» u. .r I now mum um i)- .s. «0.4. up. m. ..r n. u. Iltl‘llii h- Ifl- m“. on. d llpl “l. [mu m‘V-l v' M. "II! an A "0*“ linu- IL‘: II n ' I Amwm: used These hone. tooth. and nnfler fools as hmflng fools and weapons They were “killer-apes” nu n. 1‘ n:- rllJII wt ur . um: um nut-mt- rum m n. um m-m M»... m "1.... .r'e, a...“ «ta .4.- g .u. ........ .4 cm. H..t- u wt" u «v-Iu. unlit»! 4»: mm » INN"! Han-u. u l-xll‘ "a. Some of Darf's conclusions Fourthly. horse and chalicnthere material indicated that A. prvmemeux had the human habit of severing ungulnte hind limbs at the hock pmbably In use the limb segment distal theratn as dnthIe-endcd flaiHikc clubs. Firmly. the mammalian remains geltet'ull} demon- strated that A. pmmerhcus had the head-hunting and bludgeuning habits of man. H 12 The hunting hypothesis was the dominant “mnbrello' theory about the evolution of human behavior for many years How about Dart's ideas? Not biology of hate, rather- cultures of hate Us versus Them --- “Us" can includeho range of views -—- "Them” is o monolithic entity Instead of divisive stands think about ways of reaching a respectful understanding through dialogue and action. i C.K. Brain - The Wrens- ou- the Wed? 13 Fig. an. A mwslnmim in Iocmlm for Ike damn: Mun-ed on the skull of an InlmluniIIIL-clne chikl. SN 54. The lower clntms appear to him,- performed the mind: whiln the upper: winged 1i“: child‘s face. Prom Brain 1911}. i 14 file Minter: or flu: Minted? 3 While 1mm may have hunted on occasion - The South fifricon sins producing fossil hominins on likoly fo be the ”come of the acfiviflos of leopards. hymn, and porcuplnns. HIIAIQI‘W‘WMWHW a. aim—um...— nun-I wot-Mu”! mhIfl—hmflhudwflml Tho “Hum-Eng Hypofhuls' was the dominant «plum-{on of lunar: mlufion from ohouf 1950 to 1980. An umbrella non—ml our 11: ml um (small corinu) mmldivisionofloborfoosmoldlvisionoflobor llfilo communication to «rho! Ionsuogo mfornpnodacflonhuxasilnpoflmf soclolbdlmrior 15 How do in low? Who? evidence I: available in am his mutton? Comparisons wiih nonhuman primates and ethnographic accounts about nonwesiurn peoples Plus, paleon‘l'ology and archaeology - lei-s ics‘r fhe hum-ing hypolhuis Do we see a wide series of evolutionary changes clowning nearly sinultoneom wlfli one amino? Onmiuory, bipedaL cooperative. fool-user, sexual division of labor. verbal langmge. sex as social behavior, symbolic. and intelligent Sinplar explanafions (such as hunfing) are unllkelr to be . -in changes W occur over- millions of_ tfifi P 16 ...
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