Study Terms For History Key Terms for HIS 132-91, first testing unit: Tudors, raised England’s Maritime power.Henry VIII, Elizabeth I (1558-1603), Elizabeth’s success was based on her carefulness of finances, flexibility and wise choice of ministers. Had a devotion to hard work. Remaining nmarried Elizabeth has no direct Heir. Was James Stuart (James I/VI), = James Stuart the 6th, King of Scotland. succeeded Elizabeth as her direct hire. Same person went to England and became James the 1stas England and Scotland were different realms. Believe to be ignorant and arrogant and believed in full Monarchy! Had noregard for the Parliament. Due process of law, legal term used for justifying actions such as taking ones life.Parliament, “Parliamentary Army”drew army power from the “Puritan term of Mind” the middle class, farmers and crafts men, merchants trades men. House of Commons, no privileges or appointments that can stand to an appointed king! James the 1st.implied royal power over all of England=, people and possessions. A persons life cannot be taken without Due Process. Charles I (1625-1649), ruled without parliament for 12 years. And eventually brought crisis to England. Tax imposed a “Ship Tax” on allof England. Eventually executed, beheaded.Church of England, church established by Henry the 8th, Puritans, felt there were to many Romanish type elements in the church of England. Part of the church of England but separatist. Wanted to see the church purified. John Calvin, very influential in Puritan thinking. Late contemporary of Martin Luther, Calvinismemphasized hard work sobriety, thrift and competition. Wasn’t sympathetic towards poverty. Predestination, Important part of Calvins thinking was that everything was predestined. God hadpredestined everything. Looking Outward signs of inward grace, a Calvinist value.
William Laud (Archbishop of Canterbury), Impeached by the commons and then threatened to abolish bishops. Monarch of the Chrich of ENglnad. Highest ranking pre_____. Laud insisted on complete uniformity and prosecuted those who did not conform. Puritans didn’t agree and believed the church was acting romanish In 1637 tried to impose ___ on the Scots. A separate country, the Scots revolted. Triennial Act - compelled the King to summon parliament every three years pass in 1641 by parliament. English Civil War (1642-1648), Parliament vs King Charles. Did nothing as the kings power were still in tact so ddid not resolve the question of sovernty The Protectorate - Lord Protector – Cromwell had executive power along with the council of state. Cromwell ( a opuritan) was a man of moderation. Ruled with Military. collapsed after Cromwell died in 1658. The English were fed up with Military Rule.