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Diagnostic Tool: MammogramsRoshunda Harris FennellWalden UniversityNURS 6512 Advanced Health Assessment September 12, 2019
DIAGNOSTIC TOOL: MAMMOGRAMSDiagnostic tests are used in medical practice as advanced technology for detecting, diagnosing, or monitoring diseases. A mammogram is an example of a diagnostic testing tool. Mammograms are the only diagnostic tool used to screen for breast cancer. The purpose of this paper is to find out the purpose of getting a mammogram, how it is conducted, and what information the diagnostic tool gathers. In addition, the paper will respond to the appropriateness of the tool's validity and reliability and determine any possible issues with sensitivity, reliability, and predictive values.The Purpose of MammogramsA mammogram is a select type of x-ray used for diagnostic purposes to look for early signs of breast cancer. Routine screenings, usually starting around 40 years of age, are essential as mammograms are the best tests doctors have to find breast cancer early, sometimes up to three years before it can be felt (CDC, 2018). Diagnostic mammograms is different from just a simple screening, as the diagnostic tool is used when the breast has significant changes or a change is seen on a screening mammogram (American Cancer Society, 2017). The diagnostic device may include additional images of the breast that are not typically performed in a screening mammogram. The diagnostic tool is also used for women who are being treated for breast cancer or has been treated in the past. How Mammograms are conducted and processedThe diagnostic test takes place in a medical clinic or hospital setting. The person stands in front of an X-ray machine suitable for only images of the breast. A technologist conducting the exam will place the breast on a transparent plastic plate while another plate will firmly press
the breast from above. The plates flatten the breast, whole holding in place while images are being taken. Many people will experience some pressure or discomfort. The mentioned steps are then repeated to take side view images of the breast. For women with breast implants,