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Unformatted text preview: (Heart Attack / Stroke) 2. How do vascular injuries happen? a. Possibilities: i. Bacterial or Viral Infection ii. Increased turbulence of blood flow at branch points iii. Irritants (smoking, drugs) iv. Hyperinsulinemia (Type II Diabetes or borderline diabetes) b. Results in Inflammation 3. How do our diet an physical activity affect heart disease a. I or D Blood LDL’s b. I or D Blood HDL’s c. I or D LDL oxidation d. I or D Blood Clotting e. I or D Blood Pressure f. I or D Inflammation g. I or D Obesity h. I or D Diabetes 4. Diet and Physical Activity in Relation to CVD a. Saturated fatty acids i. Decrease LDL receptors – Increase LDL circulating in blood. ii. Increase Inflammation b. Trans fatty acids c. Poly- and monounsaturated fatty acids i. Decrease LDL Levels ii. Neutral (or increase) HDL Levels iii. Decrease inflammation (particularly mono and omega-4 polyunsaturated fats)...
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- Spring '07