APUSH Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 The Problems of Peacemaking...

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Chapter 15 The Problems of Peacemaking The Aftermath of War and Emancipation 1. Towns fitted, plantations burned, fields neglected, bridges and railroads destroyed. 2. Confederate heroes Lee, Stonewall Jackson & Jefferson Davis = treated w/ reverence. 3. Slaves left the plantation, but most had nowhere to go.Some hoped for assistance from nearby towns, other were in search for relatives but virtually none owned land or prop. Competing Notions of Freedom 1. Some blacks demanded a redistribution of economic resources, especially land. Others asked for legal equality, confident that given the same opportunities as white citizens. 2. Pulled out of white-controlled churches and established their own. 3. The Freedmen’s Bureau(1st welfare) distributed food to millions of former slaves, established schools staffed by missionaries and (NA)teachers. 4. Help A.A to register to vote. Issues of Reconstruction 1. Conservatives insisted that the South accept the abolition of slavery. 2. Radicals led by Thaddeus Stevens of Penn and Senator Charles Sumner of MA Punish the leaders of the Confederacy Disenfranchised the Southern whites. The blacks legal rights of the blacks be protected. Confiscated lands of the wealthy (AS) who aided the Confederacy & redistributed. Plans for Redistribution 1. Lincoln’s Reconstruction plan- whenever 10% of the # of voters in 1860 took an oath in any state, those loyal voters could set up a state govt. 2. The Radicals plan for reconstruction 3. Wade-Davis plan(1864)- authorized the president to appoint a provisional governor. 4. Majority pledge their allegiance → governor summon state constitutional convention. 5. New state constitutions= abolish slavery, disfranchise Confederate civil & military leaders,& repudiate debts accumulated by the state govts(Lincoln vetoed it). The Death of Lincoln 1. John Wilkes Booth who was obsessed w. aiding the Southern causes, shot Lincoln. 2. He was captured then escaped but later cornered by Union troops and shot to death. Johnson and “Restoration” 1. Johnson = intemperate and tactless man, filled w/ resentments ad insecurities + unwilling to support any plans that guaranteed slaves civil equality or enfranchisement. 2. “Restoration”- offered amnesty to those Southerners who would take an oath of allegiance + his plan resembled that of the Wade-Davis Bill. 3. Readmission = abolish slavery, ratify 13th amendment & repudiate the Confederate and state war debts + to elect a state govt & send representatives to Congress. Radical Reconstruction The Black Codes 1. Black Codes- authorized local officials to apprehend unemployed blacks , fine them for vagrancy,& hire them out to private employers to satisfy the fine. 2. Civil Right Act- declared blacks to be citizens of the U.S & gave the federal govt power to
intervene in state affairs to protect the rights of citizens.

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