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Gilded Age - Gilded Age-Baseball-Great Uprising-Pullman...

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Gilded Age -Baseball -Great Uprising -Pullman Strike -Populists -Chinese Exclusion Act Sand Creek Massacre – 6/25/1876 Eastern Colorado Cheyenne Indian group Who is doing the massacre? Colorado volunteers because the governor is trying to push the Cheyenne out of the land. Casualty – 105 women and kids / 28 men. Why so important? Really upped the anti. Custer’s last stand Not trying to wipe out the Indians, but trying to force them onto a reservation. Indians could be between 2000 - 4000 strong. Ends quietly, no dramatic final confrontation Ghost Dance Believed this was a way to vanish white people from the earth and also a return of their ancestors Leads to final confrontation Jack Wilson – influential in helping movement spread Wounded Knee Massacre Sioux Indians fight US army Indians break first US wave Hotchkiss guns – barrel that you crank, sits on a wagon 146 dead Sioux Indians. 18 kids 50-something US soldiers died. Force of US 3500 strong. Gilded Age Coined by Mark Twain – wrote a book with same name No precise time period – about 1870 to about 1900 or so. Massive population growth, mainly from immigration Widening gap between rich and poor Robber barons – Andrew carnige, Vanderbilt Rise of labor unions Workers revolts Upper class called it the American renaissance due to rise of museums, schools, libraries, symphony orchestras, etc. Describes the excess of nature. “don’t need to gild a lily” Industrialization Big business Massive corporations Mass producing goods for national and international markets Industrialists become unimaginatively wealthy
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Significant advances with technology Telephone – 1876 Alexander graham bell Thomas Edison 1876- lab opened in New Jersey Menlo Park- within 3 years he developed incandescent light bulb. By 1882 he launched Edison light company and began to light up NYC. Around this time. Henry Ford experiments. By 1900, American companies produced about 4000 automobiles Transcontinental railroad complete 1869.
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