EnlightenmentResearchPaper.docx - Joey Wargo Enlightenment...

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Joey WargoEnlightenment Research PaperFinal DrafPer 4 11/9/17The enlightenment was a time period that contributed to many new ways of thinking.Back in the 1700s, people questioned almost everything. These questions helped launch theperiod of enlightenment. These ideas were, and still are, an impact to our modern society. Thereis plenty of evidence in today’s world that the ideas of the Enlightenment continue to beinfluential in modern times including scientific theories and philosophies that are still used intoday’s society.One piece of evidence that points out that the ideas of the enlightenment continue to beinfluential in modern times is the Heliocentric Theory. The Heliocentric Theory was proposedand developed by Nicolaus Copernicus in 1543. It states that the planets revolve around a fixedsun in the center of the solar system. This theory was contrary to Ptolemy's geocentric theory,which was the belief that the sun revealed around the earth. Ptolemy’s geocentric theory wasthought to be true for over 1400 years by almost everyone in the world, so when NicolausCopernicus proposed his Heliocentric theory, he was rejected by many. One famous Protestantreformer, known to all as Martin Luther, also rejected Copernicus’ theory. Martin Luther says:"There was mention of a certain new astrologer who wanted to prove that the earth moves andnot the sky, the sun, and the moon. This would be as if somebody were riding on a cart or in aship and imagined that he was standing still while the earth and the trees were moving. [Lutherremarked] “So it goes now. Whoever wants to be clever must agree with nothing that othersesteem. He must do something of his own. This is what that fellow does who wishes to turn thewhole of astronomy upside down. Even in these things that are thrown into disorder I believe theHoly Scriptures, for Joshua commanded the sun to stand still, and not the earth [Josh.10:12].”(Mathison, Keith).Copernicus would have continued to be rejected until Newton
Joey WargoEnlightenment Research PaperFinal DrafPer 4 11/9/17explained gravity and how it affected the movement of planets. Along with the Heliocentrictheory not going well with the believers of Ptolemy, the Heliocentric theory also did not go wellwith the church. At the time, the Church held the main source of scientific information, so whenpeople tried to go against the Church’s teachings and information, the Church lost authority overit. The Church losing authority of scientific information led to new breakthroughs in the field ofscience. In today’s society, Copernicus’s ideas are still influential. For example, the acceptanceof his theories back then lead up to the space journey’s and discoveries of today. WithoutCopernicus and his initial theory, we wouldn’t be as technologically advanced as we are now inastronomy and space. His theory was finally accepted by other scientists to the time, whichchanged the way people thought about the design of the solar system and ultimately, the designof our very vast universe. Copernicus’ works were, crucial to the advancement of scientificdiscoveries today, as they were the basis for advancement in the knowledge of our solar system.

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