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Anthony S. NolenProfessor Kimberlee HoftiezerSOS-110 (Critical Information Literacy)27 July 2019Why do companies conduct cybersecurity risk assessments? What do they find outfrom these assessments?Acybersecurity risk assessmentidentifies the various information assets that could be affected by cyber-attacks (such as hardware, systems, laptops, customer data, and intellectual property), and then identifies the variousrisksthat could affect those assets. Why do companies such as Microsoft and Google conduct cybersecurity risk assessments; and what do they find out from those assessments? It is a daunting task to manage your own security and personal information. Imagine if you were the CEO of Microsoft and it was your responsibility and obligation to protect the credentials and privacy of millions of clients/customers? Satya NarayanaNadella has to face that issue everyday as the CEO of Microsoft. I am going to evaluate the cybersecurity risk assessments at Microsoft and discuss how their Information Technology Security Team(CDOC)Microsoft Cyber Defense Operations Center handles cybersecurity attacks and what information from their risk assessments keep them safeguarded.Microsoft deployed the CDOC (Cyber Defense Operations Center) back in November 2015. This panel is comprised of security experts and data scientist from across the world in a centralized location to combat the endless cybercrimes and attacks on individuals and corporations. The framework of this defense unit is 24/7 monitoring with 3,500+ Microsoft security professionals using advanced AI to analyze over 6 trillion worldwide signals, detect and respond to threats. The company is committed to using the data from the risk management assessments to improve their security by investing $1 billion annually to advance their efforts in security, data protection and risk management. The security model used by Microsoft is Protect, Detect and Respond. These are the fundamental assessments used by Microsoft to gauge where they stand on security.