Metaethics: The Status of Morality - a Summary Metaethics asks questions about normative ethical views and theories ° Can our ethical claims be true? ° Cohabitation vs Marital Adultery ° Drinking Alcohol versus smoking marijuana ° What really is the subject matter of ethics? ° Human Behavior vs Human Prejudice ° What if they’re the same? ° Cracked window ° Cracked plate ° When ethics seem to fail us, can we turn to morality to “save” us? ° For example, Is there any moral knowledge? ° The Truth, the Whole truth and Nothing but the Truth in a Court of Law ° Nietzsche - the Will to Power- by which all actions are motivated ° Therefore, there are no ethics because there are no morals ° what doesn’t kill you makes you stronger ° Video - What Doesn't Kill You Makes You Stronger ° If there is moral knowledge, how can we obtain it? ° Rational Deliberation, Divine Inspiration, Insight & Epiphany ° Thomas Edison - Bucket, chair and a rock ° The Last Samurai ° Video - The Last Samurai ° Video - The Last Samurai (2) ° Is morality a human creation and, if it is, does this mean that it is just a useful fiction or is it largely in good working order? ° The Truth, the Whole Truth and Nothing but the Truth ° Inquisitions versus the Salem Witch Hunts ° If morality is in some way objective, in what way—and how can this be? ° Everyone Doing What’s Right in Their Own Eyes ° What’s in it for Me ° The Golden Rule ° Pay it Forward ° Altruism ° What role does reason play in morality and, in particular, are there always good reasons to do what morality requires? ° No Lying, Stealing, Cheating, Raping, Robbing ° 20 Jewish people in my basement ° Food for my starving family ° Taxes - flat tax vs graduated tax vs VAT ° Robinhood Thus Metaethics asks questions about the Status of Morality (whether Morality can be known or not and, if so, is it a solution to the shortcomings of ethics) Versus normative ethics (deontological and teleological theories) Which judge ethical content (actions vs consequences) but, perhaps, fall short of moral surety.
Objectivism versus Subjectivism Moral (Objectivism) Realism Truth is universal.
- Fall '19
- Harry Gensler