Module 4 Notes.docx - Metaethics The Status of Morality a Summary Metaethics asks questions about normative ethical views and theories Can our ethical

Module 4 Notes.docx - Metaethics The Status of Morality a...

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Metaethics: The Status of Morality - a Summary Metaethics asks questions about normative ethical views and theories ° Can our ethical claims be true? ° Cohabitation vs Marital Adultery ° Drinking Alcohol versus smoking marijuana ° What really is the subject matter of ethics? ° Human Behavior vs Human Prejudice ° What if they’re the same? ° Cracked window ° Cracked plate ° When ethics seem to fail us, can we turn to morality to “save” us? ° For example, Is there any moral knowledge? ° The Truth, the Whole truth and Nothing but the Truth in a Court of Law ° Nietzsche - the Will to Power- by which all actions are motivated ° Therefore, there are no ethics because there are no morals ° what doesn’t kill you makes you stronger ° Video - What Doesn't Kill You Makes You Stronger ° If there is moral knowledge, how can we obtain it? ° Rational Deliberation, Divine Inspiration, Insight & Epiphany ° Thomas Edison - Bucket, chair and a rock ° The Last Samurai ° Video - The Last Samurai ° Video - The Last Samurai (2) ° Is morality a human creation and, if it is, does this mean that it is just a useful fiction or is it largely in good working order? ° The Truth, the Whole Truth and Nothing but the Truth ° Inquisitions versus the Salem Witch Hunts ° If morality is in some way objective, in what way—and how can this be? ° Everyone Doing What’s Right in Their Own Eyes ° What’s in it for Me ° The Golden Rule ° Pay it Forward ° Altruism ° What role does reason play in morality and, in particular, are there always good reasons to do what morality requires? ° No Lying, Stealing, Cheating, Raping, Robbing ° 20 Jewish people in my basement ° Food for my starving family ° Taxes - flat tax vs graduated tax vs VAT ° Robinhood Thus Metaethics asks questions about the Status of Morality (whether Morality can be known or not and, if so, is it a solution to the shortcomings of ethics) Versus normative ethics (deontological and teleological theories) Which judge ethical content (actions vs consequences) but, perhaps, fall short of moral surety.
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Objectivism versus Subjectivism Moral (Objectivism) Realism Truth is universal.
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  • Fall '19
  • Harry Gensler

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