A patient wants to know what causes atherosclerosis. How should the nurse respond? In general, atherosclerosis is caused by:Endothelial injury and inflammationA staff member asks a nurse what foam cells are. What is the nurse's best response? Foam cells in a fatty streak are:Macrophages that engulf low-density lipoprotein (LDL)A nurse takes an adult patient's blood pressure and determines it to be normal. What reading did the nurse obtain?Systolic pressure less than 120 mm Hg and diastolic pressure less than 80 mm HgMost cases of combined systolic and diastolic hypertension have no known cause and are documented on the chart as _____ hypertension.PrimaryA 30-year-old Caucasian female was recently diagnosed with primary hypertension. She reports that she eats fairly well, usually having red meat and potatoes daily. She also reports that her father has hypertension as well. A nurse determines which of the following risk factors is most likely associated with this diagnosis?GenesA 65-year-old male presents for a routine checkup. A blood pressure check reveals a systolic pressure of 160 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure of 70 mm Hg. Which of the following is the most likely cause of this type of pressure elevation?Rigidity of the aortaA 52-year-old male is diagnosed with primary hypertension. He has no other health problems. Present treatment would cause the nurse to anticipate administering which drug to the patient?A diureticA 55-year-old female has undiagnosed hypertension. She presents to her primary care provider reporting impaired vision and chronic edema. Lab tests reveal that she also has renal insufficiency. While planning care, the nurse realizes the most likely cause for these findings is:End-organ damageA nurse monitors the patient for _____ when rapid onset of malignant hypertension results.EncephalopathyWhen a nurse checks the patient for orthostatic hypotension, what did the nurse have the patient do?Stand upA 50-year-old male is diagnosed with orthostatic hypotension. Which of the following symptomswould he most likely experience?Syncope and faintingA 65-year-old female presents to the emergency department reporting difficulty swallowing and shortness of breath. A CT scan would most likely reveal an aneurysm in the:Thoracic aortaA 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cerebral aneurysm. Where does the nurse suspect the cerebral aneurysm is located?Circle of WillisWhat term should the nurse document for a detached blood clot?ThromboembolusA 32-year-old female presents with lower leg pain, with swelling and redness. While obtaining the patient's history, which finding could have caused her condition?
Venous thrombusA 28-year-old female presents with severe chest pain and shortness of breath. She is diagnosed with pulmonary embolism, which most likely originated from the:Deep veins of the legIndividuals with Raynaud disease need to be counseled to avoid which of the following conditions to prevent severe symptoms?